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Archive for the ‘Science’ Category

Atoms are made of protons and neutrons, which in turn are made of even smaller pieces called quarks. There are six flavors of quarks: up, down, top, bottom, strange and charm. They’re held together by gluons to make protons and neutrons and by extension, everything else.. A proton, for instance, is made of three quarks, two up and one down. Gluons, which carry the strong nuclear force, are also made of quarks.

In such infinitesimal space can any instrument tinker with flavor of quark? In a collision between protons, the energies are high enough that the quarks can be recombined into other particles called mesons which do not last long. These decay into other kinds of particles in just trillionths of a second. With such random nature of quarks it is far fetched to imagine a flavor to fit our predetermined design.

Does this hold any relevance to us? Flavor of quarks may when translated into human terms it may be ambition, aggression, preeminence or glory. Whoever pursues these shall learn randomness is part of the deal and glory shall last for a short duration indeed.

War might serve as Nature’s strategy to get rid of the weak, old and useless but anyone who sets out to write his name on the annals of history taking that route may take lesson from Napoleon or Hitler who barely managed 13 years instead of a 1000 year Reich.

In the micro world of atoms, such an array of flavors and electron that does not decay in manner of quarks, are a law unto themselves. I hazard to think this state underpins the cluster principle of our visible universe.

benny

 

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Physicists still have no proof that dark matter exists at all, but the evidence for it is substantial. The movements of stars and galaxies can apparently be explained only if there is much more gravitating matter in the universe than the visible stuff of atoms and molecules. Attempts to correct the discrepancy by rewriting the rules of gravity in Einstein’s general theory of relativity have repeatedly failed.

WMIPs (weakly interacting massive particles) and Theoretical particles called axions are other oft-mentioned candidates. Dark Matter must be the hand that rocks the cradle of Cosmos, the verb in the sentence I AM THAT I AM.

This reminds me of the lines:

There are more things in heaven and earth, Horatio,

Than are dreamt of in your philosophy..’ (Hamlet Act I. Sc.v)

Shall we insert Science in place of the last word?

 

 benny

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There is a Standard Model by which we have nearly explained how the Universe works – all of the particles that make up atoms and molecules and all the matter we see, along with more exotic particles.We also have theorized supersymmetry by which matter must hold its anti-matter.

Most theories state that 13.8 billion years ago when the universe emerged, equal amounts of the two forms of matter should have existed. Since matter and antimatter, which has an opposite charge and spin, annihilate when they touch each other, the universe should be left with just photons and elementary particles. That isn’t the case.

So-called “charge-parity violation,” which suggests matter and antimatter behave differently from one another, may explain the lopsided outcome. Such slight differences we see all through our visible universe. The slight tilt of the earth gives us seasons and if it should lead to a oceanic conveyor belt where one half of the loop is warm while the other carries cold currents we may be sure the supersymmetry of matter is theoretically allowed but in practice gives positive aspect of matter a slight edge. Thus man made up of matter and given to rational thinking, who consciously stands for actions conducive to further life all around is aligned with truth. Be it truth of matter it still counts.

Truth of matter in utility and man as an idea saying yea to life must have a quality far beyond his or her material nature would strictly define. From its fundamental level truth is given a shape that cosmos cannot ignore nor check its fecundity. A little lump of leaven would change the whole meal. An act of kindness shall yet add color to the face of cosmos, and render it as benign face of heaven.

benny

 

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( This article is in continuation of News on the March-spooky science-b}

In 1997 Juan Maldacena proposed string theory existing in 10 dimensions including time.

The cosmos with a black hole has ten dimensions, with eight of them forming an eight-dimensional sphere.

Maldacena conjecture is now supported by Japanese scientists-Yoshifumi Hyakutake of Ibaraki University and his colleagues). It  reconciles Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity and quantum mechanics  though actual evidence is hard to come by. Universe is merely a hologram: the real action would play out where gravity is zero. In regimes where there are no analytic tests a holographic universe replaces actual proof. In such a case I wonder: why not faith, God and a moral universe?”

Though you and I can’t travel through the wormhole to get from point A to point B quantum mechanics knows about it.

Wormholes as facilitators allowing different regions in space-time to talk to each other quantum mechanically. It must be what we qualify as a gut feeling? Beauty of nature in its wildness speaks to us though we have never stepped earlier in to the particular primeval forests where a streak of light passing through foliage we look on in awe. We may say it is as spiritual as standing inside a Cathedral of stone. If such images soothe us and we feel spiritually cleansed what are we to say,’ We made it up, or some delusion?’

 I shall quote a passage from Lewis Carroll:

I didn’t know that Cheshire cats always grinned; in fact, I didn’t know that cats could grin.’

`They all can,’ said the Duchess; `and most of ‘em do.’

`I don’t know of any that do,’ Alice said very politely, feeling quite pleased to have got into a conversation.

`You don’t know much,’ said the Duchess; `and that’s a fact.’(from my post Cheshire Cat and Its Grin/April19, 2012)

In using a two-dimensional hologram to represent a 3-D object the Chesire cat cannot show his all but his grin.

The Cat’s grin must arise from somewhere, regions he cannot account for nor show Alice, but grin is his cue,his quantum mechanics awareness.

 

Which came first? chicken or egg? Maldacena conjecture in this case makes chicken the hologram projection of egg where gravity is zero.Conversely shall we say chicken is the hologram projection of an egg in another time zone?

In a 4-D world of chickens , the eggs are entangled only in a flattened 3-D scaled down version of reality. Both are present.

 

‘My substance was not hid..,when I was made in secret..Thine eyes did see my substance , yet being unperfect..Ps.139:15-16,13′

From Psalm 139 I conclude God sees both states chicken and egg as one.

St. Paul writes when Patriarch Abraham paid tithes to the King of Salem he implies Levi was yet in the loins of Abraham (Heb.7:10)

benny

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The other night the American Museum of Natural History hosted its 14th annual Asimov Memorial Debate, which featured five leading thinkers opining about the nature of nothing.

This sort of nothing–the absence of matter–we might consider to be the first level of nothing, clarified J. Richard Gott, a physicist and cosmologist at Princeton University and the author of “Sizing Up the Universe: The Cosmos in Perspective.” It’s what scientists call a quantum vacuum state. It’s a box with everything taken out of it–all the stuff, all the air, all the light. ” Yet even in this nothing, something remains. Virtual quantum particles pop in and out of being, and the empty box still contains the basic scaffolding of existence: space, time and quantum fields.

“Nothing is the most important part of the universe,” said Lawrence Krauss, the author of book “A Universe from Nothing.”

We have here something to chew about. It may be also tagged Much about nothing.

Why is an empty cup important? Because of the empty space. It can be filled. That is why.

If all the matter including fundamental particles in cosmos were to be clumped together will there be nothingness?

How can nothingness in cosmos kept up, when matter is connected to anomalous matter, which may only be relative to something else?

Each atom in our body is a universe with neutron, proton and electrons not touching each other. There is space relative to ‘nothingness’. This nothing is our equivalent to ancient mapmakers who put down ‘terra incognita’ in the maps they drew up.

benny

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Scientists have long held that crabs are unable to feel pain because they lack the biology to do so, but behavioral evidence has recently shown otherwise. Now, new research further supports the hypothesis that crabs feel pain by showing that crabs given a mild shock will take steps to avoid getting shocked in the future.

From humans to fruit flies, numerous species come equipped with nociception, a type of reflex that helps avoid immediate tissue damage. On the other hand, pain, which results in a swift change of behavior to avoid future damage, isn’t so widespread. 

Gone are the days when animals were pushed aside as species far beneath us in terms of abilities. They were often called brutes. In the 16th century, philosopher and mathematician Rene Descartes said animals were just automata: red-blooded machines without thoughts or wishes. Since then, animal-behavior scientists have realized that our furry brethren have rich emotional lives and even a rudimentary sense of right and wrong.

From elaborate elephant funeral rituals to the moral outrage of cuckolded bluebirds, here are some surprising ways that animals exhibit the very human emotions we associate with morality.

Elephants have some of the most elaborate group rituals of any animals. When a beloved member of an elephant troop dies, those left behind will mourn the lost individual by “burying” the body with leaves and grass, and keeping vigil over the body for a week. And just as humans visit the gravesites of their lost loved ones, elephants visit the bones of dead elephants for years to come.

 Those seemingly filthy creatures scampering in the sludge of subway stations or trashcans, rats have empathy for each other. In a famous 1958 experiment, hungry rats that were only fed if they pulled a lever to shock their littermates refused to do so, suggesting that the rodents have a sense of empathy and compassion for their fellows. Another study published in 2006 in the journal Science found that mice would grimace when their compatriots were in pain — but only if they knew the mouse personally.

Humans aren’t the only ones who experience jealousy. When male bluebirds are out foraging to provide for their mate’s nest, female birds may step out with another male. Cuckolded males will beat their straying partners when they return, ripping out their feathers and snapping their beaks, according to a 1975 study detailed in the journal Science.

Dolphins routinely show love for species not their own. Several dolphins have practiced random acts of kindness by rescuing swimmers from hammerhead sharks. A few generous dolphins have even guided stranded whales back to sea. But the cetaceans save most of their goodwill for others in their pod — just like humans, they have a you-scratch-my-nose, I’ll-scratch-yours ethic that demands routine kindness and generosity.

 

While empathy and compassion may be common in animals, guilt may be a uniquely human emotion. A study published in the journal Behavioural Processes in 2009 found that dogs’ guilty looks don’t signal remorse.

In the study, they told owners that their dogs had eaten a forbidden treat while the owners left the room. The catch? Only some of the dogs had actually eaten the treat. But the dogs wore guilty looks regardless of whether they had devoured the treat, suggesting they were reading their owners’ anger and reacting accordingly, rather than feeling true remorse. Of course, it’s still possible that dogs feel guilty about some things, but probably not for gobbling up that cake sitting on the countertop.(ack:LiveScience.com)

benny

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Brain cells can live at least twice as long as the organisms in which they reside, according to new research. The study, published on Feb. 25 in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, found that mouse neurons, or brain cells, implanted into rats can survive with the rats into old age, twice as long as the life span of the original mice.

A co-author of the study Dr. Lorenzo Magrassi, a neurosurgeon at the University of Pavia in Italy said,” So if the human life span could be stretched to 160 years, “then you are not going to lose your neurons, because your neurons do not have a fixed lifetime.”

While most of the cells in the human body are being constantly replaced, humans are born with almost all the neurons they will ever have.

The findings are good news for who seek immortality. Like Dr. Ipso Facto who explored every nook and cranny of the earth to attain immortality. It took him a thousand years to reach the source of spring from where water welled into tiny jets. It would give whoever drank from it immortal life. Only problem was that he did not know what he was there for. His mind was completely gone. I do not know if it were alzheimer or plain dementia. But he stood wondering under the sweltering high noon and died of sunstroke.

Life is simply not extending length in years but getting many advantages of living among life forms right. If you have no awareness of surroundings as in the case of Dr. Ipso Facto you get sunstroke; if there aren’t any living soul living (like Robinson Crusoe) to enthuse you to add zest to life and so on you have put back civilization back for a millennia. Time hangs heavily on you and you may wish you died and put an end to your misery. 

Or worse still you may be competing with your great grandchildren, sons,daughters and your own family for the fast dwindling food reserves.

Tailspin:

Who wants to live forever? It is a disaster to end up with a case:” Here is my ex-wife forgotten but not gone.” Pay up, alimony, man, she says.

benny

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