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Posts Tagged ‘Science’

1. Elephant shrews heart beats at 800 times per minute.

Humming birds 1200 beats per minute.

Size for size consumes fuel 3 times that of a fighter plane.

On the other hand a sloth has heart at 20 minutes per minute. It needs a month for digesting its food.

2.Cholesterol insoluble in blood is carried across by lipoprotein.

3. Bacteria in bodies 3 million years old are revived as permafrost in Siberia thawed.

benny

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If you were to use the physical distance in terms of size as a model, the height a fly can in one jump will for man work out as high as the Empire State building. This is only a hypothetical model. The different flavors quarks come up with, do indicate space in such infinitesimal confines: correspondence principle gives space a yardstick on which infinite or the least can be held up.

At the level of quarks is there time or space? We might tag so many flavors make up proton or neutron just as we would lay a sheet in vast expanse of grass to have a picnic and call it as our space. Once picnic is over and sheet is taken out, folded and we drive away the so called space is dissolved. So is time. These are only related to us. Yet its reality as a memory(of a picnic on Sunday for example) is swallowed up in space where in we create our realities of everyday life in space. It is only relevant to the observer like finding parking space for your car.

Time is similarly related to the observer.

If God is to conceived as eternal, infinite and omnipresent He must hold as real to me as in the cosmos. As a Christian I believe essence of God is achieved in space regardless of such an infinitesimal space. ‘The kingdom of God is within you.’ Gluons are stronger nuclear force binding realities of sub-atomic particles ie quarks. What makes us believe in physical reality of our bodies and ideas? Do we not believe in our world or in our bodies? Just the same these come up as ever with otherworldly tags.

Our faith though as small as mustard seed can grow as large as to cover as the will of God covers the entire cosmos. God has inscribed truth in our inward parts.

Benny

 

 

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Atoms are made of protons and neutrons, which in turn are made of even smaller pieces called quarks. There are six flavors of quarks: up, down, top, bottom, strange and charm. They’re held together by gluons to make protons and neutrons and by extension, everything else.. A proton, for instance, is made of three quarks, two up and one down. Gluons, which carry the strong nuclear force, are also made of quarks.

In such infinitesimal space can any instrument tinker with flavor of quark? In a collision between protons, the energies are high enough that the quarks can be recombined into other particles called mesons which do not last long. These decay into other kinds of particles in just trillionths of a second. With such random nature of quarks it is far fetched to imagine a flavor to fit our predetermined design.

Does this hold any relevance to us? Flavor of quarks may when translated into human terms it may be ambition, aggression, preeminence or glory. Whoever pursues these shall learn randomness is part of the deal and glory shall last for a short duration indeed.

War might serve as Nature’s strategy to get rid of the weak, old and useless but anyone who sets out to write his name on the annals of history taking that route may take lesson from Napoleon or Hitler who barely managed 13 years instead of a 1000 year Reich.

In the micro world of atoms, such an array of flavors and electron that does not decay in manner of quarks, are a law unto themselves. I hazard to think this state underpins the cluster principle of our visible universe.

benny

 

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Physicists still have no proof that dark matter exists at all, but the evidence for it is substantial. The movements of stars and galaxies can apparently be explained only if there is much more gravitating matter in the universe than the visible stuff of atoms and molecules. Attempts to correct the discrepancy by rewriting the rules of gravity in Einstein’s general theory of relativity have repeatedly failed.

WMIPs (weakly interacting massive particles) and Theoretical particles called axions are other oft-mentioned candidates. Dark Matter must be the hand that rocks the cradle of Cosmos, the verb in the sentence I AM THAT I AM.

This reminds me of the lines:

There are more things in heaven and earth, Horatio,

Than are dreamt of in your philosophy..’ (Hamlet Act I. Sc.v)

Shall we insert Science in place of the last word?

 

 benny

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There is a Standard Model by which we have nearly explained how the Universe works – all of the particles that make up atoms and molecules and all the matter we see, along with more exotic particles.We also have theorized supersymmetry by which matter must hold its anti-matter.

Most theories state that 13.8 billion years ago when the universe emerged, equal amounts of the two forms of matter should have existed. Since matter and antimatter, which has an opposite charge and spin, annihilate when they touch each other, the universe should be left with just photons and elementary particles. That isn’t the case.

So-called “charge-parity violation,” which suggests matter and antimatter behave differently from one another, may explain the lopsided outcome. Such slight differences we see all through our visible universe. The slight tilt of the earth gives us seasons and if it should lead to a oceanic conveyor belt where one half of the loop is warm while the other carries cold currents we may be sure the supersymmetry of matter is theoretically allowed but in practice gives positive aspect of matter a slight edge. Thus man made up of matter and given to rational thinking, who consciously stands for actions conducive to further life all around is aligned with truth. Be it truth of matter it still counts.

Truth of matter in utility and man as an idea saying yea to life must have a quality far beyond his or her material nature would strictly define. From its fundamental level truth is given a shape that cosmos cannot ignore nor check its fecundity. A little lump of leaven would change the whole meal. An act of kindness shall yet add color to the face of cosmos, and render it as benign face of heaven.

benny

 

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( This article is in continuation of News on the March-spooky science-b}

In 1997 Juan Maldacena proposed string theory existing in 10 dimensions including time.

The cosmos with a black hole has ten dimensions, with eight of them forming an eight-dimensional sphere.

Maldacena conjecture is now supported by Japanese scientists-Yoshifumi Hyakutake of Ibaraki University and his colleagues). It  reconciles Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity and quantum mechanics  though actual evidence is hard to come by. Universe is merely a hologram: the real action would play out where gravity is zero. In regimes where there are no analytic tests a holographic universe replaces actual proof. In such a case I wonder: why not faith, God and a moral universe?”

Though you and I can’t travel through the wormhole to get from point A to point B quantum mechanics knows about it.

Wormholes as facilitators allowing different regions in space-time to talk to each other quantum mechanically. It must be what we qualify as a gut feeling? Beauty of nature in its wildness speaks to us though we have never stepped earlier in to the particular primeval forests where a streak of light passing through foliage we look on in awe. We may say it is as spiritual as standing inside a Cathedral of stone. If such images soothe us and we feel spiritually cleansed what are we to say,’ We made it up, or some delusion?’

 I shall quote a passage from Lewis Carroll:

I didn’t know that Cheshire cats always grinned; in fact, I didn’t know that cats could grin.’

`They all can,’ said the Duchess; `and most of ‘em do.’

`I don’t know of any that do,’ Alice said very politely, feeling quite pleased to have got into a conversation.

`You don’t know much,’ said the Duchess; `and that’s a fact.’(from my post Cheshire Cat and Its Grin/April19, 2012)

In using a two-dimensional hologram to represent a 3-D object the Chesire cat cannot show his all but his grin.

The Cat’s grin must arise from somewhere, regions he cannot account for nor show Alice, but grin is his cue,his quantum mechanics awareness.

 

Which came first? chicken or egg? Maldacena conjecture in this case makes chicken the hologram projection of egg where gravity is zero.Conversely shall we say chicken is the hologram projection of an egg in another time zone?

In a 4-D world of chickens , the eggs are entangled only in a flattened 3-D scaled down version of reality. Both are present.

 

‘My substance was not hid..,when I was made in secret..Thine eyes did see my substance , yet being unperfect..Ps.139:15-16,13′

From Psalm 139 I conclude God sees both states chicken and egg as one.

St. Paul writes when Patriarch Abraham paid tithes to the King of Salem he implies Levi was yet in the loins of Abraham (Heb.7:10)

benny

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The other night the American Museum of Natural History hosted its 14th annual Asimov Memorial Debate, which featured five leading thinkers opining about the nature of nothing.

This sort of nothing–the absence of matter–we might consider to be the first level of nothing, clarified J. Richard Gott, a physicist and cosmologist at Princeton University and the author of “Sizing Up the Universe: The Cosmos in Perspective.” It’s what scientists call a quantum vacuum state. It’s a box with everything taken out of it–all the stuff, all the air, all the light. ” Yet even in this nothing, something remains. Virtual quantum particles pop in and out of being, and the empty box still contains the basic scaffolding of existence: space, time and quantum fields.

“Nothing is the most important part of the universe,” said Lawrence Krauss, the author of book “A Universe from Nothing.”

We have here something to chew about. It may be also tagged Much about nothing.

Why is an empty cup important? Because of the empty space. It can be filled. That is why.

If all the matter including fundamental particles in cosmos were to be clumped together will there be nothingness?

How can nothingness in cosmos kept up, when matter is connected to anomalous matter, which may only be relative to something else?

Each atom in our body is a universe with neutron, proton and electrons not touching each other. There is space relative to ‘nothingness’. This nothing is our equivalent to ancient mapmakers who put down ‘terra incognita’ in the maps they drew up.

benny

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pasteur

Louis Pasteur, (1822-1895) micro-biologist, chemist,

Son of a tanner his foray into science set him apart from great many who made discoveries in the world of science, practical application of which made modern science as we know today. His contribution to the wellbeing of humanity would place him far above statesmen, rulers, thinkers and military geniuses the world has ever known.
In the earliest times surgery was done by glorified barbers and they were addressed ‘mister’ than with due consideration to art ( as in the case of physicians) it was often possible that the operations often resulted in medical complications and death though operation was not performed over vital organs of the body. Pasteurs study into germs made him apply a new rule for doctors to sanitize their hands before they performed surgery. Now it may sound very commonplace but it was a daring innovation for which Louis Pasteur’s work had prepared him most admirably.
Pasteur founded the science of microbiology and proved that most infectious diseases are caused by micro-organisms. This became known as the “germ theory” of disease. The germ theory was the foundation of numerous applications, such as the large scale brewing of beer, wine-making and other antiseptic operations. Another significant discovery facilitated by the germ theory was the nature of contagious diseases. Pasteur’s intuited that if germs were the cause of fermentation, they could just as well be the cause of contagious diseases. This proved to be true for many diseases such as potato blight, silkworm diseases, and anthrax.
After studying the characteristics of germs and viruses that caused diseases, he and others found that laboratory manipulations of the infectious agents can be used to immunize people and animals. This treatment proved to work and saved countless lives and naturally it led the innovation I mentioned in the beginning.
One characteristic that marked Pasteur above great many brilliant chemists was his ability to apply the principles drawn from research into practical applications. For instance his contribution to prevent wine from spoiling helped French wine industry. The French economy was heavily dependent on wine exports and he suggested a simple procedure to help it. Boiling the wine would have altered its flavor. Therefore, Pasteur heated the wine enough to kill most of the microbes present without changing the flavor. Chilling prevented any microbes left from multiplying.
To his great delight, Pasteur found that this process could also prevent milks from turning sour and preserve many other foodstuffs as well. Thus he became the inventor of a new process known as pasteurization which brought him more fame and recognition. Besides this Pasteur also developed vaccines for several diseases including rabies. The discovery of the vaccine for rabies led to the founding of the Pasteur Institute in Paris in 1888.
On the discipline of rigid and strict experimental tests he commented, “Imagination should give wings to our thoughts but we always need important experimental proof, and when the moment comes to draw conclusions and to understand the gathered observations, imagination must be checked and documented by the factual results of the experiment. Francis Bacon said this earlier but Pasteur said it more eloquently since he took away the fear of death from everyday life. All of these achievements point to singular brilliance and perseverance in Pasteur’s nature. Pasteur’s name lives on in the microbiological research institute in Paris that bears his name, the Institute Pasteur and continues to be today as a center of microbiology and immunology.(www.famousscientists.org/louis-pasteur)

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In my post on Theory of Something I used the analogy of a walk in the woods to develop a scientific temper. Nature gave man the first stirrings to wonder at the simple daily occurrences. Thus one may wonder why leaves fall or an apple falls to ground and not fly off. If his train of thoughts carried him to come to grips with the gravity, naturally he may soon wonder why the moon does not fall as leaves or fruits? Man is in context of other humans who all have sometime or other similarly wondered as Isaac Newton Galileo or Kepler. How come then all are not scientists? The same pure impulses that instilled in a baby to wonder at everything have changed shape or run into other experiences that carry him to follow in many other directions. The pure impulse of truth must negotiate with life of each. The baby that wondered at the falling leaves has found what makes the world at large go gaga. Wealth. If he sells himself to cut down rain forests for profit he is only falling in with rest of the world that has made wealth their goal above everything else.
No man even with a proper scientific spirit has stuck to a groove to investigate the alpha and omega of his universe. In 1869 Miescher discovered nuclein (DNA) and left since he could not precisely identify its use. Some 25 years later he could separate it into nuclide acid, a protein. It had to wait till 1920 to realize this nucleic acid plays a vital role in the chromosomes. In 1944 Oswald Avery identifies it as the active principle in bacterial transformation. In 1953 Watson and Crick could determine the double helix shape of DNA. In short the path cut in the woods is not one single highway but meandering pathways of so many acting out their hunches based on the single stirring of truth in each.
Miescher wondering over the DNA in the cells of a pus he was working with, had no idea but got around to investigating it further after so many years. By then his active life must have passed and it was left to others to come back to it at their own convenience and needs. Meisher was vindicated in another age and on account of many other breakthroughs elsewhere.
ii
Child is the father of Man and unfortunately in many cases the truth has been clouded over by ‘ways of the world’ and how he looks at the world is not one to one but accumulated peer pressure of so many and immediate needs.
Moral sense of an individual is unfortunately clouded over by many others. If he has gone under and did not do as he ought to have we may say it is human failing. There is no one who is perfect and if one say he is, he is a rascal of the first order. We can only behave as human hoping for the best and if we have found our feet we ought to think of failings of others in similar light. As a Christian I am in need of grace and it is what I owe to truth when given a Being and a name God.
For each of us web of knowledge must be held in tact upon truth.
benny

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Science that’s seemingly silly — but is actually significant — received some enchanted recognition recently. Discoveries involving glowing jellyfish, radiation waves and tropical coral have garnered the first Golden Goose Awards Thursday (Sept. 13) night.
“We’ve all seen reports that ridicule odd-sounding research projects as examples of government waste,” said Rep. Jim Cooper (D-Tenn.), who had the original idea for the award. “The Golden Goose Award does the opposite. The award’s name alludes to the Aesop fable “The Goose That Laid the Golden Eggs,” and is also a play on the “Golden Fleece Award,” bestowed by the late Sen. William Proxmire (D-Wis.), on research he considered wasteful spending. (Golden Goose Awards Honor ‘Silly’ Science by Jeanna Bryner,Mg. editor | LiveScience.com – Sep 14, 2012)
Imagine every eligible voter being injected with bio-luminous dye that is a dead giveaway for politicians to trim their speech to suit the needs of itching ear. Or a woman who is in need of roll on the hay can tell it to the farm hands loud and clear. We can do away with polygraph test altogether. Such science alas falls not in the realm of silly science but bad science.
Our cats and dogs are helpless when they are stressed out but how we know it? By measuring the serotonin level one can know for sure. bio-luminescent dye is quicker to catch our attention.
Here are some silly science projects that have made the switch and are now considered life savers.For those interested read on:
One Golden Egg Award went to a team of four scientists from different fields who came up with an ideal bone-graft material from a coral discovered in the South Pacific Ocean. In the early 1970s, three Penn State scientists, Rodney White, Della Roy, and the late Jon Weber, along with scientist Eugene White, discovered the coral had the same porous, mazelike microstructure as human bone, a structure that may foster natural tissue growth on its branches.(principle of similitude-b)
The team used the coral’s structure as a model for creating a ceramic prosthetic with intricate porosity rivaling human bone. They also used a pressure-cooking technique to give the actual coral chemical and mechanical properties of human bone; the resulting structures, which could be used as hardware for low-stress bone and joint repairs, would likely eliminate any chances of rejection by the body. Funding for the project came from the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
The discovery of a jellyfish protein that glows light green in daylight and fluorescent green under ultraviolet light has led to a trove of medical advances — and a Golden Goose Award. Turns out, the green-glowing jellyfish protein, called GFP, can be connected to gene switches or genes, allowing scientists to observe chemical reactions happening inside cells. The trio of scientists responsible for the protein isolation and following GFP discoveries is made up of Osamu Shimomura, Martin Chalfie and Roger Tsien. The work was funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and NIH.]
A project considered frivolous — to the point where then Columbia University professor Charles Townes’ colleagues told him they thought it was a waste of the university’s money — led the way to the invention of the laser. In 1953, after work trying to generate a stream of microwaves through contact with an “energized” electron, Townes, James Gordon and H.J. Zeiger built the first maser (microwave amplification by stimulated emission of radiation). Further work laid the groundwork for the development of lasers and ultimately the basis of countless technologies, including digital media, CDs, satellite broadcasting, laser eye surgery and other innovations. (The NSF and U.S. Navy funded Townes’ research.)
The Golden Goose Awards will be announced three to four times a year, with an annual awards event held in Washington, D.C.
benny

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