Chandragupta-I (c.340- 298 BCE) Indian
Having defeated the Greek satrap in the Khyber mountains around 303 BC., Chandragupta was crowned king at Taxila. He is considered the king who held sway over much of the Indian subcontinent from Bengal and Assam in the east, to the Balochistan and Afghanistan in the west, to Kashmir and Nepal in the north and to the Deccan plateau in the south. He was in a manner of speaking the first unifier of India and its first genuine emperor. He is known in foreign accounts as Sandrokyptos First Mauryan emperor of India 322-297BC. As a young man had met Alexander during his foray as far as to the River Indus and also engaged Seleucus, one of his heirs to the empire, in a battle.
Soon after the death of Alexander his empire broke apart and Chandragupta was one of the Eastern princes to break off from Greek dominion. Soon he founded the Mauryan empire stretching between the Indus and the Ganges. In order to govern this far flung empire he knew he needed a strong central government. The fate of Alexander’s short-lived empire must have given the need for such an innovation. He set up a professional army and made them battle worthy with many skirmishes. The result of this training was evident in the campaign against the Greek army under Seleucus.
Such was his fame that around 300BC the Greeks sent an embassy to his court at Patna. From the account of Megasthenes we have fairly good account of his reign.
He abdicated in 297 and became an ascetic under a Jain saint and died presumably under fasting(286 BC).