A freed Bosnian slave was appointed the Wali of Damascus. The Port of Acre came under the jurisdiction of this Bosnian who ruled as Pasha Ahmad-al Jassar. He was cruel and also very unjust. The picture shows him counting beads while a condemned man kneels before him. Ordinary punishment was gouging out eyes of anyone that displeased him. On his left is Haim Farhi, a Jew who was retained by the Pasha as his financial adviser. Once he sent the Jew to purchase some merchandise for him. On his return the ruler suspected he was defrauded and ordered his right eye put out. Tip of his nose also was cut off. Later on finding that Farhi was honest he heaped on him many presents and gave back his former position and took him back into his trust. Till his death in 1804 Farhi remained in his service and thereafter served Suleiman Pasha formerly Jazzar’s deputy.( Ack:color plate from the Jews in their land)
Archive for July 28th, 2012
While Rome took control of Israel it was decreed that Torah should not be seen anywhere in the land. There came Pappos Ben Yehuda and found Rabbi Akiva carrying on as usual giving lectures to great assemblies and studying Torah.
The visitor was aghast and asked,’Akiva, are you not afraid of the wicked government?’
The Rabbi said,”I will tell you a parable: to what is the matter like? A fox walking along the running stream saw some fishes darting in and out with great agitation. The fox asked what was the matter. They answered,’From nets which men are bringing against us.’
He said to them,’Let it be your pleasure to come upon the dry land, and let us you and me,dwell together ever as my fathers dwelt with your fathers.’
‘Are you he whom they tell that you are the wisest of all animals? You are not wise but a fool. If we are in the place which is our life-element, how much more so in a place which is our death element?'”. The Rabbi added,’So alas it is with us: now while we sit and study Torah, in which it is written,’for that is thy life, and the length of thy days,’we are in such plight, how much more so if we go and neglect it!’ (from the Talmud)
Note: Rabbi Akiva was the greatest scholar of his age, and his support won Bar Kochaba wide following. When Rome prohibited the study of Torah in 135 AD, he defied the decree. He was arrested as a rebel,imprisoned and executed at Caesarea.( ack: The Jews in Their Land/ed. Ben-Gurion.pub.1966)
Yesterday I came across some old books and one of which is the World of Islam (pub.1966). I had posted earlier some illustrations. Here is a manuscript from which I had drawn the woman. Now that I have the book I hope to post some of the originals now and then.b.