Francis Bacon (1561-1626)
The clarion call of “Experiment,experiment”was given out by Bacon and it brought all the scholars who were wont to live in their ivory towers to the ground. He ruthlessly dissected existing systems of philosophy,- and found Aristotle much in wanting, and laid down his own line of enquiry. Beginning with induction it was to cut the flab of hypotheses out till the experiments by the process of elimination can lead one to the secrets of nature. As he said,’Put nature to the rack and compel her to bear witness.’ The scientific method of enquiry is considered to be his greatest contribution to thinking. He wrote Novum Organum and it came out in 1621. Next year he was made Viscount of St. Alban. King James appointed him as Lord High Chancellor. Soon he was impeached for bribery, a charge brought against him by his political rival Sir Edward Cole. Fine and imprisonment followed. Shortly thereafter he was pardoned and fine remitted. Ironically his death was caused by his interest in science and experimentation.
Pen Portraits- Francis Bacon
November 16, 2012 by bennythomas