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Archive for January 1st, 2014

Victoriana-pen portraits
Dante Rossetti-(1828-1882)
Dante grew up fluent in both English and Italian. As part of a large Italian expatriate community in London he grew up among many exiles from Mazzini to organ-grinders his outlook was far from the parochial insulated circumstances of his contemporaries. He never was obsessed with money the way that Tennyson was.
In 1846 he was accepted into the Royal Academy but was there only a year before he became dissatisfied and left to study under Ford Maddox Brown. In 1848 he, William Holman Hunt, and John Everett Millais began to call themselves the Pre-Raphelite Brotherhood.This group attracted other young painters, poets, and critics.In 1849 and 50 D.G.R. exhibited his first important paintings, The Girlhood of Mary Virgin. At about the same time he met Elizabeth Eleanor Siddal, a milliner’s assistant, who became a model for many of his paintings and sketches. They were engaged in 1851 but did not marry until 1860. She helped him clarify his feminine ideal of beauty,which would change to the tall, thin, long-necked, long-haired stunners of frail health that we see in paintings like Beata Beatrix, Pandora, Proserpine, La Pia, and La Donna della Finestra. The persistence of the Pre-Raphaelite ideal shows up in photographs of William Butler Yeats’ idealized beauty, Maud Gonne. Jack Yeats, the father of the poet, was connected with the Pre-Raphaelites, and Yeats himself said of his younger days, “I was in all things Pre-Raphaelite.” In 1871 Rossetti and Morris leased Kelmscott Manor in Oxfordshire. In the late ’60s Rossetti began to suffer from headaches and weakened eyesight, and began to take chloral mixed with whiskey to cure insomnia. Chloral accentuated the depression and paranoia latent in Rossetti’s nature, and Robert Buchanan’s attack on Rossetti and Swinburne in “The Fleshly School of Poetry” (1871) changed him completely. In the summer of 1872 he suffered a mental breakdown from which he would never completely cured.
Edward Burne-Jones (1833-1898)
Dante Gabriel Rossetti, more perceptive than any of his contemporaries, was the ideal person for Edward Burne-Jones to present himself to as a young, aspiring artist. He recognized Burne-Jones’s native talent and encouraged him to build upon it without recourse to the stifling academic procedures. but by the 1860s Burne-Jones was discovering his own artistic “voice”which would be clarified by his visit to Italy (1859 and 1862). It had been an enriching experience, manifest by rich and dark coloration, tending towards the choice of iron reds and dark oranges combined with deep greens. Thus his naive view presented in his earlier drawing became more complex by the inclusion of sumptuous colour, at this time chiefly derived from study of Venetian painting.. In 1877, he was persuaded to show eight oil paintings at the Grosvenor Gallery (a new rival to the Royal Academy). These included The Beguiling of Merlin. The timing was right, and he was taken up as a herald and star of the new Aesthetic Movement.

In addition to painting and stained glass, Burne-Jones worked in a variety of crafts; including designing ceramic tiles, jewellery, tapestries, mosaics and book illustration, most famously designing woodcuts for the Kelmscott Press’s Chaucer in 1896. Beardsley would draw much of his inspiration from him.
Trivia: ‘What is my line?’
In 1860 Burne-Jones married Georgiana “Georgie” MacDonald (1840–1920), one of the MacDonald sisters. She was training to be a painter, and was the sister of Burne-Jones’s old school friend. After marriage she made her own work in woodcuts and became a close friend of George Eliot. (Another MacDonald sister married the artist Sir Edward Poynter, a further sister married the ironmaster Alfred Baldwin and was the mother of the Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin, and yet another sister was the mother of Rudyard Kipling. Kipling and Baldwin were thus Burne-Jones’s nephews by marriage).

(ack: the Victorian Web)
benny

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OKquatrain borders

Quatrain#14

 

Who did on this narrow turf lay out stars,

And give it command to run its course?

Days scald me with despair and the night

Bind me to its post and curfew enforce.

benny

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