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There is a Standard Model by which we have nearly explained how the Universe works – all of the particles that make up atoms and molecules and all the matter we see, along with more exotic particles.We also have theorized supersymmetry by which matter must hold its anti-matter.

Most theories state that 13.8 billion years ago when the universe emerged, equal amounts of the two forms of matter should have existed. Since matter and antimatter, which has an opposite charge and spin, annihilate when they touch each other, the universe should be left with just photons and elementary particles. That isn’t the case.

So-called “charge-parity violation,” which suggests matter and antimatter behave differently from one another, may explain the lopsided outcome. Such slight differences we see all through our visible universe. The slight tilt of the earth gives us seasons and if it should lead to a oceanic conveyor belt where one half of the loop is warm while the other carries cold currents we may be sure the supersymmetry of matter is theoretically allowed but in practice gives positive aspect of matter a slight edge. Thus man made up of matter and given to rational thinking, who consciously stands for actions conducive to further life all around is aligned with truth. Be it truth of matter it still counts.

Truth of matter in utility and man as an idea saying yea to life must have a quality far beyond his or her material nature would strictly define. From its fundamental level truth is given a shape that cosmos cannot ignore nor check its fecundity. A little lump of leaven would change the whole meal. An act of kindness shall yet add color to the face of cosmos, and render it as benign face of heaven.

benny

 

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Nature’s gifts each life-form adapts in context to its environment. A tree being immobile or man who can flee or fight in case of danger shall create whole lot of adjustments that make world of each distinct. This potential to give is drawn from nature owing to something beyond its control in all aspects. Man who is given to abstract thinking might tag thus his context. God is for him defines a Being whose absolute control gives the inchoate external circumstances a one to one context.

By same token of rational thinking cannot another make God as a reality hidden in the very interplay forces that impinge on his world? Cannot God with his omnipresence hide in the interplay of events?

In Japan traditional houses are oriented and windows are placed in such manner to frame pleasant features of the landscape. The Japanese call it ‘borrowing scenery’ from Nature. In controlling Nature in a manner most advantageous to us are we not similarly working on an idea that is purely our own? Man may dominate other life forms and even quote convenient verse to justify his actions. Gen.1:28

benny

 

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‘Make hay while the sun shines’ so goes the old saw. For a plant it is just vital to photosynthesize while the sun is up.

A plant in terms of nature holds similarities with man in that it has adapted for its stationary position. Consequentially roots, leaves instead of fingers are required to multi-task.
Water is drawn from soil and sent along the trunk, by means of capillary action. A stream goes the crown and also goes down like human circulatory system. In this we need to consider the mysterious cases of trees bleeding, redness which has nothing to do with actual blood our vessels carry.
Thrift is a human character which in case of plants is sending the sap to its roots before winter sleep. Of course a plant has no bank account but before winter a plant will send unwanted sap to its roots. How easy it is to distinguish a man according to his wealth in the bling bling he can afford. Of course no man has excelled in the sheer exuberance and fulness of red gold livery each tree can put out to show it has taken care of its surplus.
As David Attenborough in his popular BBC program The Life of Plants says, “”To find water a plant has to position its roots with just as much precision as it arranges its leaves… If moisture is in very short supply, it may have to drive a tap root deep into the ground to reach the water table.” Some desert plants may develop root systems that are far deeper than they are tall and extend laterally. Even if the environment is well-watered, a plant may still need to compete…, so it positions a network of roots closer to soil surface so when rain falls they could have the first fill.”In its farsightedness not to miss the action when it comes reveal nature has compensated life forms adequately and survival depends not so much as the outcome of a decisive battle where casualties exceeds millions and many more wounded or maimed in actions. Whether such strategy of nano corrections steadily applied to maximize the gains from changes in environment is more effective than of man whose policies run a gamut of feigned friendliness, treaties and cultural exchanges between peoples with intent to destabilize one another and saber rattling and conflict? Man’s outlay in achieving efficiency is with an eye to his complex social life where profits at the cost of decimating one another must percolate from nation building to line the pockets of those who thrive in conflicts.
Plants are no different in their needs, but being immobile their defenses tend to take a different form than they do in animals.
Plant defenses are grouped into three broad categories: chemical, physical, and co-optive.
In chemical defense plants may produce toxins and with pungent aromas, for example, poison ivy.What is repellant to other animals and meant as chemical defenses we consume with great relish, many of our foods and spices.Physical defenses are the most obvious to us, especially when they come in the form of thorns and barbs. Plants may defend itself by co-opting animals for defense. Ants are probably the animal most often co-opted by plants. Like humans, plants can manipulate-,via bribes, misrepresentation orchids tricking bees into trying to mate with the flowers is an example.

<(Ack: writing for nature. wordpress.com/2013/12/03/plant-defenses-myriad-strategies)

benny

 

 

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While we study of human origins two main theories emerge to explain the archaeological and fossil record: one, known as the multi-regional hypothesis, suggested that a species of human ancestor dispersed throughout the globe, and modern humans evolved from this predecessor in several different locations. The other, out-of-Africa theory, held that modern humans evolved in Africa for many thousands of years before they spread throughout the rest of the world. DNA evidence suggests the original exodus involved anywhere from 1,000 to 50,000 people. 

The departure point, but most now appear to be leaning away from the Sinai, once the favored location, and toward a land bridge crossing what today is the Bab el Mandeb Strait separating Djibouti from the Arabian Peninsula at the southern end of the Red Sea. From there, the thinking goes, migrants could have followed a southern route eastward along the coast of the Indian Ocean. “It could have been almost accidental,” Christopher Henshilwood(an archaeologist at Norway’s University of Bergen) says, “a path of least resistance that did not require adaptations to different climates, topographies or diet. The migrants’ path never veered far from the sea, departed from warm weather or failed to provide familiar food, such as shellfish and tropical fruit.”

In the 1980s, new tools completely changed the kinds of questions that scientists could answer about the past. By analyzing DNA in living human populations, geneticists could trace lineages backward in time. These analyses have provided key support for the out-of-Africa theory. Homo sapiens, this new evidence has repeatedly shown, evolved in Africa, probably around 200,000 years ago. 

How did life rise and what influences went into peopling of the earth are beyond the scope of this essay. Here my intention is to draw some parallels in the nature’s way of ensuring safety in serving the earth already teeming with myriad forms of life. Nature in handling life seems to show all coincidences or chance must serve the whole so there is an element of certainty. The certainty underpins the truth of Natural selection as well as paraphrases  history of human species into Integration Principle. 

The evolution of the earth as a habitable planet gave rise to its atmosphere with its protective layer so harmful ultraviolet rays shall not enter. This broad division of earth into landmass, oceans and atmosphere carries differences in various ways in each and functions also are distinct from one another. Despite of such variations Integration principle builds the entire earth as one indivisible unit.

In order to understand its implications ask ourselves this question. If global warming were to make life on most parts of the earth impossible what shall we blame: North, South or the Third World countries?

Whatever happens on one part affects us all. Nature has spread various safeguards to minimize a single catastrophe annihilating entire life forms. 

 

Web of life is one such safety net for life forms to make their gains more durable. It also supports dissemination of  knowledge and ideas.

Of many skills technology in particular would make human migration tantamount to creating highways of knowledge. Discovery of fire by man some 500,000 years ago allowed man to migrate to colder regions during periods of drought and famine. Such changes in terms of climate have become less disastrous because man had acquired wherewithal owing to long periods of stability. Fire made cooking possible and also became more varied and sophisticated.

Advance in one direction creates man off-shoots: Those city-states in the Fertile Crescent, including the Babylonian and Assyrian empires relying on easy availability of food  have had leisure and the means to explore other avenues to fill in their time. Writing must have opened up a whole new horizon by which civilizations could leave valuable information for future generations. The many nodes of human civilizations set on various geographical locations work in tandem to spread around the good and evil inherent in the human achievements. There were indigenous peoples in the New World at the time the Pilgrim Fathers arrived, and were descendents of waves of migration going as far as 40,000 years ago. After the arrival of Europeans many millions died from epidemics of diseases such as smallpox imported to their shores. 

Volcanic eruptions and tsunami have wiped out civilizations and one such catastrophe might explain the fabled story of Atlantis.  In the modern era, geologic and archeological investigations hint at an intriguing possibility — that the demise of Atlantis may be related to a catastrophic Bronze Age eruption in the Aegean Sea, which destroyed an advanced Minoan civilization living on the island group of Santorini. Be that as it may we hear about the civilization of  Greece coming into focus following this event.  History of Europe as a result would never be the same. What is certain is that a sudden catastrophe brings an entire civilization down and the shockwaves of it impact some other culture on the rise to give a kickstart.

How  valid would be for native Americans to claim Americas exclusively considering they replaced peoples living before as they were subjugated by White settlers from Europe?

It is a truism that Nature does not put all her eggs in one basket. Muslims in the Palestine claiming the land as theirs have as much validity as the Jews. Now the state of Israel has its writ run in the territories held by it after the 1967 war. It is a certainty as long as it can keep it.

Nature showed its intent and if people cannot accept it for the peace and safety of all concerned, something has to give away. It may be unnatural in its resolution, something of a chance but certainty shall be yet another,- history of which is anyone’s guess.(ack:Guy Gugliotta-Smithsonian Magazine 2008)

benny

 

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A party with a real issue problem finds extremism a useful ally especially when the real crunch of an election is in the offing. It must convert the political ideas already in the mainstream nto votes. Nothing else is tangible than the numbers. It was so with the US elections in 1964  when the US senator from Arizona chose to take on Lyndon Johnson. For this occasion what Barry Goldwater did was to galvanize southern and western Republican support while neglecting the industrial northern states. What good or reasonable was to play off the old bogey a century later? But the GOP quietly swallowed it since the North-South divide resonated still. Thus the Republican party by elevating extremism to the level of serious discussion made the old bad ideas morph into new areas. This is what happened when Mitt Romney chose Paul Ryan as his running mate in 2012. It was a sign that Ayn Rand extremism was now respectable in the Republican Party and a continuation of the radicalization process begun much earlier. What was the extremism in the philosophy of Ayn Rand that gave the party a new lease?

Remember we are dealing with the times in which the richest 1% of Americans had 40% of the nation’s wealth and by offshore tax loopholes the Fat cats were avoiding tax to the states and so on.

Now what Ayn Rand’s philosophy amounted to this: the greatest good a society can nurture is a sociopath whose go-getter, get rich at any means made the nations move with purpose.  As political ideology it in a way laid the axe at the base of a political community as a meaningful entity.  A more telling commentary of the distaste shown by the right-wing elites for the working poor cannot be drawn than in Romney’s 47 percent comment. It was disastrous error for Mitt and it’s impulse came from Randism that the right-wingers had embraced as  their Bible.

 As Rogers at Kung Fu Monkey wrote in Ephemera 2009 (7) 03/19/2009: There are two novels that can change a bookish fourteen-year old’s life: The Lord of the Rings and [Ayn Rand’s] Atlas Shrugged.

 

In order to trace Ayn Rand’s philosophical justification for this kind of attitude one need to go to her background. ‘ Ayn Rand, in her notebooks, worshiped a notorious serial murderer-dismemberer, and used this killer as an early model for the type of “ideal man” that Rand promoted in her more famous books — ideas which were later picked up on and put into play by major right-wing figures of the past half decade, including the key architects of America’s most recent economic catastrophe — former Fed Chair Alan Greenspan and SEC Commissioner Chris Cox — along with other notable right-wing Republicans such as Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas, Rush Limbaugh, Rep. Paul Ryan, and South Carolina Gov. Mark Sanford.

The loudest of all the Republicans, right-wing attack-dog pundits and the Teabagger mobs fighting to kill health care reform and eviscerate “entitlement programs” increasingly hold up Ayn Rand as their guru. Sales of her books have soared in the past couple of years; one poll ranked “Atlas Shrugged” as the second most influential book of the 20th century, after The Bible

Rogers.’

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Rand’s 1974 speech at the United States Military Academy at West Point was entitled, “Philosophy — Who Needs It.”  Notice that this title is not posing a question.  Rand is telling you who needs philosophy: you do, and the students at West Point need it — in a pitched battle against ignorance, relativism, ideology, and absurdity that is every bit as vital as the one that these soldiers may one day wage with arms.

In Paul Kidder’s words, “But I must confess that I am somewhat sheepishly ungrateful for what Rand hath wrought.  Her watchwords are “reason,” “logic,” and “objectivity,” but when I scrutinize the ideas for which she has been most influential — her ideas on political economy — I find that they are logically fallacious to the point of unreason.”

The fallacy that is at the heart of Rand’s political-economic philosophy is the fallacy of mistaking a necessary condition for a sufficient condition.  This is elementary logic.  A necessary condition is something that is needed in order to make something else happen.  A plant must have water, for example, in order to thrive.  But a necessary condition is not the same as a sufficient condition — that is, something that provides everything needed for something else to happen.  Water is not sufficient to make a plant thrive. Other ingredients are needed, like soil and sunlight. 

Ayn Rand’s philosophy is above all a defense of the entrepreneur.  The economic value of goods and services that we find on the market is created by entrepreneurs — people who had the idea, pursued the vision, marshaled the resources, managed production, and shepherded products to market. Which is more important in a three legged stool: capital, labor and technology?

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How a species rephrase wisdom and power of nature is common shared experience. Man needs as much as birds or trees.

Plants convert necessary minerals from the soil and earthworms also are necessary players. Man may not ingest directly but via plants.

Interactions between species can lead to the evolution of interspecific non-verbal communication. Nature is for all species to thrive.

When Nature has created such a level playing field how can man claim any special claim?

Randian objectivism I find flawed. People who subscribe to it are those who take reality selectively: so has ostrich its objectivity.

Ack: The simplistic flaw in Ayn Rand’s philosophy- Paul Kidder Aug27,’12-http//:crosscut.com/politics)

benny

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Let us consider what is  Science. It is an enquiry into how our physical universe works. It includes the physical aspects of the inquirer vis-à-vis the universe without. Here Science must take the lead on facts that may come in the form of laws of nature. One such law states thus: energy can neither be created or destroyed. This leads us to think of every matter in a particular state handling energy. Change from one state to another is change in energy as well. Agitation of molecules causes heat and it is transferred. Water, ice and vapor are different states where energy necessarily forms a trade off. Energy like currency is transacted by matter.  Any life form handling energy at one level is purely explained by science and it is in terms of matter.
Matter has mass and it has specific relationship to energy as per Einstein’s famous equation. Energy as stated at the outset is cannot be destroyed or created. Man who professes any religion therefore is part and parcel of that constant represented by energy.

Now looking at religion we may conclude there is no religion separated from energy. This applies to the physical make up of one believer or a church.In a church several like-minded persons pool their energy for a purpose. This energy may be used for noble and ignoble purposes. What is religion but a moral centre upon which each believer makes his reality count?  I need not worry unduly if some TV preacher uses his reality to amass worldly riches and make the word of God to none effect. Do I compromise my moral being by having a part in his actions? Am I so indifferent to what I have understood as my right to a reality? Should I compromise my energy knowing the church is more a den of iniquity and waste my energy therein? Each of us as rational beings owes to give good account of the way we direct our lives.

If quantum mechanics gives an entirely different way matter behaves at minutest levels we may be sure Science is not everything open and shut. Neither would the  moral universe behave in the manner we rationally explain religion.

Spooky Science:

One of the strangest predictions of the theory of quantum mechanics is that particles can become “entangled” so that even after they are separated in space, when an action is performed on one particle, the other particle responds immediately. How shall we explain this in our moral universe?I shall come to it by and by.

In June 2009 scientists announced they had measured entanglement in a new kind of system – two separated pairs of vibrating particles. Previous experiments had entangled the internal properties of particles, such as spin states, but this was the first time scientists had entangled the particles’ pattern of motion, which is a system that resembles the larger, everyday world. Chain of events any of us sets off will create sympathetic wave of chains where both chain of events are separated in space. This action may have begun on bad motives and may at some point leave some good for some and create ill-will for many other. What I want to say is this: there is no need of a divine Being being present to give everyman his due good for good or vice versa. These chains of events shall keep history of  man  moving and it belongs to the moral universe. Where man acts merely to gain some immediate advantage over another but give advantage quite unexpectedly to some one else. Man who defrauds another will sooner or later is caught in a sticky mess from which he shall not escape so easily. These could go on and on.

benny

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Evolution gave man a brain where nerve nets of jellyfish and brain of lizards served as the basis. These were set some 600 million years ago and our ape-ancestors who later peopled the earth did not have a brain that could be said as state of the art. It would take millennia in terms of evolutionary timescale a wink so to speak. So the civilization that we take pride in has been with a back up from many other species. Brain is still evolving and it shall indeed the case whether we colonize the moon or some super-earths some light years away. This being the case what prompted him to this grand vision of a civilized world? Tool making capacity determined man’s progress.

March of progress worked on two speeds. A solution based technology that took care of his specific needs and it allowed no delay. While his brain developed on the slow lane as with all events in evolutionary timescale he set about creating his world in his image. If our civilization has shown several cracks the blame for this must be in the variable speeds. It is more soulless mechanics of supply and demand, time and motion and many other exercises in futility that guide us. Consider how this has blighted our parenting skills? How shall not a man fail if his one leg were to shoot up faster than the other one? We seems blissfully unaware of our human side that needs time as a child requires time to mature. His brain develops quickly around three till he is six. But it would take some 20 years for all the brain circuits to be fixed. He is considered fully mature and responsible by the age of twenty. Technology has won us over to do its bidding and we aren’t even conscious what we have sacrificed to appease a monster. Our best part, our wealth in compassion and altruism is being chipped away steadily. All because we have failed to negotiate the two speeds that make up our existence. In missing the cue of variable speeds whatever we have touched has come with its downside. Man left arboreal living to build cities and also created slums and inner cities.

Consider man in relation to all other species. A shrew has heart beats so fast that a whale must consider it as impossible. Nature has allowed both to develop according to their biology and evolutionary demands. Nature of lions is affected by their physiology. So their predatory behavior has to account for it. With relatively small hearts and lungs they are not fast runners; a maximum speed of 60 kph, nor do they have the stamina to keep this pace for more than a 100 – 200m. As such, lions rely on stalking their prey and seldom charge until they are within 30m, unless the prey is facing away and cannot see the charge. Why did lions become the only sociable cat? Is it because they would have higher success rate if they hunted in groups?
Only man seems to have missed this curious fact. His inability to develop all round by his technology may be compensated by pooling life experience of all and old and present. If one were to look closely there is a running thread that makes us connected with our environment and all life forms. Instead we have degraded the earth all for profit. The very idea of things motivating man is derived from technology. As John Ruskin so eloquently puts it,’There is no wealth but life.’ Our reliance on technology is a case of progress being derailed. Technology is power; accumulation of material wealth by technology has created fragmentation of the world into different blocks. Wars had never been the solution but still man relies on it . Why? Both technology and war acts as one. It is a Geiger counter to detect and ferret out more wealth. This must explain the present human predicament.
Peter Pan never grew up. Perhaps he could serve as a timely warning, a metaphor: He shall grow old only in terms of exigencies of Nature. Never-never land is a place where nothing grows but according to the slow speed of evolution and he shall ever be vital and clear-eyed since he is in step to a different drummer than we do.
benny

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