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How matter behaves at a larger scale one can easily observe: a cube of ice melts into water in a period of time and it can turn into vapor when it is heated. These are transitions. In a new study, of Sep.10 in the journal Nature Physics, researchers witnessed these phase transitions in systems made up of just seven light particles, or photons, a state at which matter can reach at ultra-cold temperatures. This physical state is known as a Bose-Einstein condensate, in which particles begin to blend together and act in unison.
Physicists have revealed that just seven quantum particles can behave as if they were in a crowd of billions.
Because photons are packets of light, they’re made of energy, not matter, which makes the idea of them going through a phase transition strange. But back in 2010, a team of German researchers showed that light particles could be induced to behave as a BEC would, just like their matter-particle cousins.
To trap the photons, those researchers built a small mirrored chamber and filled it with a colored dye. When the light particles banged into the dye particles, the dye particles would absorb them and re-emit them, so the photons took longer to move through the chamber — effectively slowing them down. When the photons struck the chamber’s mirrored walls, the photons would bounce off without being absorbed or escaping. So the chamber was effectively a space where researchers could make photons sluggish and put them in close quarters. And in that situation, the physicists found, the photons would interact with one another like matter, and exhibit behaviors recognizable as those of a BEC.
There were some differences between the micro-BEC and phase transitions involving larger groups of particles, the researchers noted. When ice heats up past its melting point, it seems to go from solid to liquid form instantly, without any in-between stage. The same is true for most phase transitions of most chemicals. But the seven-photon BEC seemed to form a bit more gradually, the researchers said in the statement, rather than all at once.
Still, they wrote in the paper, the photon phase transition showed that even at very small scales, phase transitions are remarkably like what’s common at larger scales. Physics is physics, all the way down.
Seven is a magic number, considering the number 7 is used in the Judaeo-Christian scriptures. The manner the number 7 is used by the Holy Spirit to indicate perfection, complete and adequate in the sense it rounds off a set as in the example of Sabbath, seventh day.
(Ack: Live Science/ 7 Quantum Particles Act Like Billions in Weird Physics Experiment/
Rafi Letzter,September 10, 2018)

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The second book in the Now You Know series is available in paper back and in kindle

I shall give the links for my readers to check out.

Thank you,

<b>US:</b> https://www.amazon.com/dp/B077BW5PXX
<b>UK:</b> https://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/B077BW5PXX
<b>Germany:</b> https://www.amazon.de/dp/B077BW5PXX
<b>France:</b> https://www.amazon.fr/dp/B077BW5PXX
<b>Italy:</b> https://www.amazon.it/dp/B077BW5PXX
<b>Spain:</b> https://www.amazon.es/dp/B077BW5PXX
<b>Japan:</b> https://www.amazon.co.jp/dp/B077BW5PXX
<b>Brazil/Portugal:</b> https://www.amazon.com.br/dp/B077BW5PXX
<b>Canada:</b> https://www.amazon.ca/dp/B077BW5PXX
<b>India:</b> https://www.amazon.in/dp/B077BW5PXX
<b>Mexico:</b> https://www.amazon.com.mx/dp/B077BW5PXX
<b>Australia:</b> https://www.amazon.com.au/dp/B077BW5PXX
<b>Netherlands:</b> https://www.amazon.nl/dp/B077BW5PXX

Benny

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A lifetime of seeking knowledge in order to fix the Big Picture as one whole, that is my intellectual life in a nutshell. Nothing was excluded. Art, literature, the Bible and science every aspect of knowledge was fodder for my curiosity. I read all I could but great many I discarded for my intuition showed what to seek and what to get rid of. I have set all that stayed with me in these two volumes and it is available through Amazon.com

My two books Now You Know: Man and Nature and Mind and Matter are available.

Now You Know: man and nature https://www.createspace.com/7449242

Now You Know: mind and matter https://www.createspace.com/7559795

benny

 

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“Truth is the last frontier that is left for science to reach; but what is it?”

 

Science has answered great many but Truth in absolute sense remains still elusive. It is not for want of trying.  Even though scientists have managed to quantify how much dark matter lurks in distant galaxies, astronomers have been hard-pressed to figure out how much of the mysterious stuff lies within our own. Measuring anything is hard when you’re inside of it,” As the Astrophysicist James Bullock said, “It’s kind of like trying to figure out what kind of house you live in without ever leaving your house.”

Is man really keen to know the truth?

“Truth sounds good but money in pocket is better,” seems to me how man with his attention-deficit set progress on the move. We live in the Anthropocene Age: our blue planet as a result has become a plastic planet. Global warming and devastating  hurricanes hitting one after the other reveal the planet earth in distress. Yet do we face the truth of our own mismanagement? As to our belief systems the  less said is the better. What we need ask is : how big is mind and to what it is fixed?  Now You Know: mind and matter continues what science can do and what it cannot. Aim of the author is to present before the reader a fair idea of the Big Picture in 364 entries.

Now You Know: man and nature  is also available.

My second volume is available through Amazon.

Benny

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How did man bring out underlying abstract of nature of matter to propound a theory of anything? Man we say is capable of abstract thinking. When one gives a form to God it is that he is clothing it with a form natural for him. The form belies an idea. Whereas doubt is formless, a state of mind from which he cannot retrieve any idea tangible. Only way his doubt can stand therefore is in relation to others. How can he doubt nature provides for him while everything proves otherwise? Can he doubt peace if he in his mind feels no conflict? So doubt can only be dealt effectively in his mind with Mind that works with chaos and order to his universe.

Brain is the thinking apparatus and mind is something else. Psychologists use human behaviour as a clue to the workings of the mind. Although we cannot observe the mind directly, everything we do, think, feel and say is determined by the functioning of the mind.

If we see those who did far greater things than their circumstances warrant, we need to consider mind of man has a range no science can define. Here we shall look at one who made a great stir in China.

Hung Hsui-Chuan (1814 – 1864) As a child he was precocious (he was able to recite the Four Classics after five or six years) but with no means to advance himself. But at the age of 22 in 1836, he realized his further progress to enter the government service was blocked. Success in examinations required a bribe to the examiners. Thwarted in his ambition he fell ill. In a delirious state he saw visions that he was taken to the ‘Thirty-Third Heaven and the Venerable-in-Years gave him a mission to destroy the demon worshippers on the earth. When Hung had recovered from his fever he was altogether a new man. A chance encounter in Canton with Christian missionaries from London Missionary Society, gave him new direction. While reading the book of Genesis his earlier vision took on new significance. The Venerable–in Years of his dream had become the Creator of heaven and the earth. His curious theology was a mixture calculated to win over most supporters.

As luck would have it the Opium War (1839-1842) broke out around this time and it showed the hated Manchu regime was almost on its last legs. Manchus were Manchurian Tartars, foreigners while south of the Yangtse there were many who yearned for bringing back the defunct Ming rule.

Tien Wang began the revolt in concert with the Triads who were for bringing back the Ming regime. Tien Wang’s aim was more of a theocratic rule himself as a brother of Jesus Christ. (In his concept of Trinity god, the Father, Christ the son, and himself was the other brother.) The man who would ultimately bring him down Tseng Kuo-fan had no Tartar blood as the Manchu masters. He was not a supporter of the Manchu regime. But he was believer in Confucianism and had no use for Christian Taipings. Tien Wang’s mind relied on otherworld source while his nemesis relied on more down to earth aspects of his mind. Who shall determine who is right?

Tien Wang’s God was Venerable-in-Years. Mother Teresa’s God embodied Love which however made sense to all those who were sustained in their last years neglected and forgotten. The important point is to determine how great your mind is. Mind that can never ascend beyond dollars and cents adds to its shallowness hypocrisy when he speaks of God. As we see around us man who claims he is rational but destroys the natural habitats of other species with impunity cannot be speaking for species he destroys. His mind focuses only on now. On the other hand late Mother Teresa whose life-mission among the slums and squalor of Kolkotta was empowered by her mind and we can see range of her mind. She delineated the concept God as Love in ways useful to man.

What can Science do when operative range of mind cannot be separated?

 

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The Standard Model

Everything in the universe is found to be made from a few basic building blocks called fundamental particles, governed by four fundamental forces. Our best understanding of how these particles and three of the forces are related to each other is encapsulated in the Standard Model of particle physics.

These particles occur in two basic types called quarks and leptons. Each group consists of six particles, which are related in pairs, or “generations”. The lightest and most stable particles make up the first generation, whereas the heavier and less stable particles belong to the second and third generations. All stable matter in the universe is made from particles that belong to the first generation; any heavier particles quickly decay to the next most stable level.

There are four fundamental forces at work in the universe: the strong force, the weak force, the electromagnetic force, and the gravitational force. They work over different ranges and have different strengths. Gravity is the weakest but it has an infinite range. The electromagnetic force also has infinite range but it is many times stronger than gravity. The weak and strong forces are effective only over a very short range and dominate only at the level of subatomic particles. Despite its name, the weak force is much stronger than gravity but it is indeed the weakest of the other three.

The words of Jesus comes to mind, ‘The last shall be first. (Mt.19:30,Isa 33:23.) The lame shall take the prey. Weakness on a moral plane is humility. Principles of the Sermon on the Mount can be explained in its material make-up of matter.

(ack: home.web.cern.ch)

benny

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