Archive for the ‘moral philosophy’ Category

As discussed in the previous post each of us is a cause or effect. Law of reciprocity places each as one or other at any particular place and time. If we were to take recent events in Syria the sectarian  divide between Shi’ia and Sunni faction created a dilemma. Assad is a Shi’ite and he has been trying to put down the rebels. Assad is a cause while the ensuing bombardment has its effect in creating some 11 million refugees. Is there a simple relationship between cause and effect? Russia has joined in the fray while the Saudi Arabia and other Sunni factions are whipping up equally an opposition. In each cause and effect relationship consequences as a result of so many other events are in flux which run into an area of ‘no man’s land.’ . (The cold war which the US and USSR waged in post WWII was at first about Germany; how did it spread around Vietnam Afghanistan and Cuba? it shall connect with the Middle East and now in Syria as well. There is no more Soviet empire but Putin’s gambit is to put his own stamp over the International politics.) Thus this no-man’s land is a swamp where all the unfinished business of old and new colonial rivalries shall run into. This is one area where man’s individual certainties tend to blur.

Even if Assad’s regime can survive the conflict for how long?  This long drawn out conflict has drained the population as well as weakened the administrative machinery. Cause and Effect in short is not as simple as Indian arm-wrestling. I started with the crash of MH-17 and that of the Sinai air-crash. Is falling of the Russian aircraft as  a result of the other no one can say. Natural law of nature has a tendency to bring what is up down since gravity is part of the equation. On a moral plane we need see such disasters as the means to contain man’s freedom to get away without being responsible to others. Man breaks moral laws in his individual choices but always such actions come at a price.

Let us consider a possible scenario: Suppose a multinational company in collusion with South American power-brokers set up a company to log timber. The company can destroy the rainforest and beggar the future of so many indigenous tribes with impunity. The company generate so much profit for the company and line the deep pockets of a few corrupt politicians. Where does moral imperative step in? If a flash flood should overrun later on what would that mean? Does it not mean a kind of retribution?



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Reciprocity in social psychology refers to responding to a positive action with another positive action, rewarding kind actions. When you smile at a stranger at a neutral ground say on the street you find him smiling back which is a reciprocal action. It is how man is made aware of his own place and of himself in relation to other. You prove yourself friendly and you are rewarded instantly by the selfsame token of friendliness. There is a cause a slot which you fill, only to be found by another falling into a slot which is that of effect. In short cause and effect are one to one relationship into which our social nature fits us. We initiate certain actions as a cause for others to respond accordingly.
Suppose on the eve of Crystal night (on 9–10 November 1938), if a Jew were to meet a German the response of the Jew would not have been as simple as mentioned above. The German who smiled may have been an ordinary citizen but the pogrom carried out SA paramilitary troops would have made such effusion in return as next to impossible. Events occurring elsewhere made their one to one exchange one that of suspicious.  Shall we say that cause did not connect with effect in a straight forward fashion? The events from outside come in between us to make our responses complex. What emotional cues that guide me need not necessarily be understood by another. We shall see how from the contradictory nature of human personality. A clown who makes every one in stitches is often the saddest man who need break into laugh lest he break up. Charlie Chaplin comes to my mind.
Since we humans as social animals have no other place than the earth to escape into, all events and their consequences are assumed as our collective responsibility to which we have no way of apportioning blame or praise.  Whether we foul up our beds or douse them with perfume we all need lie together for better or worse.  Law of reciprocity makes such cause and effect relationship hold together for our understanding. 
It is said, one man’s gains is at another man’s loss. Obama could have become the President in 2008  only at the cost of Romney losing his bid. Thereafter his taking up with the Sheraton group would mean that his position as a director was at the cost of someone else losing his shot on the Board of directors. Such is the cause and effect relationship that a man’s position is a view of himself into an infinite mirror broken into infinite pieces. In Obama- Romney relationship one is a cause while the other is the effect. Romney likewise is a cause while some other fills the slot of effect. In short no man can be both cause and effect in any relationship. Law of reciprocity distributes each into cause as well as effect in so many order of social relationship.
Having said about redistribution of man in terms of cause and effect after its own order let me indicate the cause and effect is not direct but falls under a corrosive cloud where anyone justifying as innocent is not true.  The rise of Hitler owes to such a cloud (as a result of reparations of the Allies as well as their sense of guilt at the harsh penalties they as  the victor exacted on the defeated. How Chamberlain’s government played into the hands of Hitler at the Munich Pact is a case in point. Into it we need allow anti-semiticsm of the ordinary Europeans at that time). By the law of Reciprocity the entire German nation was thrust into the effect of Nazism. Once cause and effect played of the result was the Soviet Army marching into Berlin. Think of the human cost? If you need explain moral compass of man,  make sense of the cloud into which both cause and effect are drawn.

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Sinai plane crash: No survivors on Russian airliner KGL9268

 So runs the news of an airplane crash. It was a disaster waiting to happen, right? If an airplane is built for taking off to the air it is as natural that an air plane is waiting to crash down. It is thus, defying natural laws where the nature of gravity is in-built, must fall under the physical nature of the earth. Its effect must be absorbed by the inhabitants. An airplane develops sufficient thrust to take off but natural laws shall play against it  to bring it down. There cannot be any other explanation if we were to explain why such a disaster occurred. Man and his machine is ever against the earth and its natural laws. It makes no sense even if it was another airplane that came down. Natural law has been broken and law of gravity shall claim its due. Such a law of reciprocity exists on a moral plane, to which I shall come back in the next post.

For anyone who is curious to know more on the nitty-gritty details of the above cited news item let me add what the BBC news have to say: ‘A Russian airliner crashes in Sinai killing all 224 people on board – rescuers describe a “tragic scene” with bodies of victims strapped in their seats.’

If man did not have natural curiosity there would  be no news media to cover the events. It is natural as vultures gather where the dead are. Man’s curiosity is ever drawn to events that he is liable to experience.

In what way is the fate of Russian airliner KGL 9268 different from that of MH 17? Apart from some superficial details as the the type manufacturer etc., both events are identical. MH 17 was brought down by a Buk missile. The Guardian in their Oct.13, 2015 newspaper reports: ‘A Buk surface-to-air missile downed flight MH17, Dutch investigators have said as they unveiled a reconstruction of the plane that showed huge shrapnel damage to the cockpit and front section.’

Naturally this report has been dismissed by Russia. It is widely assumed that Russia-backed separatists were responsible for bringing down MH17, but the US has stopped short of blaming Moscow directly. The Kremlin has blamed Kiev – variously suggesting that a Ukrainian military jet shot down the Boeing 777, or that a missile was launched from a government-held area. Any disaster shall have its critics and yea-sayers. Is it really necessary to follow this line of reasoning if there are no answers? Where the facts are swallowed up by man’s inability to define truth why bother for this or that?

What is truth? No one can say exactly so let us not waste our time here.

In the welter of right or wrongs any blame we attach to any faction is thus, waste of time. Man has made errors of his conduct bind him as well as throw the key into some bottomless abyss. Thus we cannot justify Russia or the west for the disaster of MH 17. We read terrible happenings around Middle East or Palestine issue. Do those Palestinians or Israelis dead ever deserve the blame? Moral imperative of the dead has been lost as to the fact who started it all.

Nations play indeed a dangerous game ever since man set out to kill another for some reason or other. This is a group thing and man would have reasoned himself that ‘the might is right’. It is a group thing that would not have had bite if it were not in the individual first to do wrong. Like Adam whose disobedience owed to an attitude that his gains were more important than accepting the authority of God over his choices. How easy it is? Also what a slippery path it is to make himself more important than another! This same attitude finds itself at home when he bands together with others. Consequently nations have set out to make themselves greater than any natural law that enjoins an individual to respect another  as he would others do unto him. Now we see the Israelis see a knife in every shadow and any Palestine outside his four walls is literally taking a walk through the shooting gallery. There peace is only in the name Jerusalem. Since man Palestinian or Jew has lost the moral compass he is vulnerable. There cannot be any peace since man has set himself to do wrong. Similarly Russia in order to prove it is a world class player has invited disaster. MH 17 and KGL 9268 are of the same weight whatever one may say against or for the disaster.

If man does not want to follow natural justice on earth he shall have to account for many more similar disasters in future.


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On Feb.9 article in C/Net was this headline:

Gravity in space produces a cosmic grin

Hubble has taken a photo of what seems to be a smiling cartoon face in the depths of space, which the writer explains as an effect produced by a phenomenon known as gravitational lensing. How do we explain a Smiley in the abyss? The two dots are galaxies and for a grin we see light curved to give us an impression of a goofy grin. To complete the picture there is a ring around suggesting the head. It is light bending by gravitational field exerting its force on it. This is called Einsteins ring.

Astronomers know the existence of distortion of light by gravity and must correct gravitational lensing in order to understand what they are looking at it.

It is not what it seems to us who are conditioned to look at images with a certain mind set.

Like those snapshots in the snow one points out to Christ or as imprinted on Turin shroud, there are certain forces that prompt us to identify with our natural world. But if we give any value to soul we need to look beyond such casual impressions.

Certain circumstances in my childhood made a deep impression in me. At young age leaving my family to live away in strange surroundings created much anxiety and left me with no moorings. Then spending several years in a boarding school I came to think of home as wherever I found myself in at any moment. But now looking back whatever deprived me in my infancy proved to be a blessing. Whether India or the Netherlands I could live content.

When certain incidents in life offers compensation for later use one would say these negative life experience was in deed the key to victories in later period.

Analogy of gravitational lensing holds true in our life experience as well. If your idealism is such you want to make a honest buck by your merits you find so many things going against it. Gravitational field of human interactions cannot be dismissed. Suppose you want to write a book that is straight from your heart and if you approach a publisher you shall see that there are no takers. ‘Taste’ of general reading is weighed in favor of books like ’50 Shades of Grey’ or ‘Hunger Games.’ Those who want money and fame soon succumb to the general trend. Forces that work in deep space is no different than what works unseen by casual eye in our own times. This gravitational lensing skews up human moral readings and it must be corrected by each individual so he or she does not lose moral compass. Nothing of this world can be as precious as the worth of your soul.

ack: C/Net reported by michelle Starr)


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What is energy? We see it in action. A vast stretch of wheat field swaying in the wind is an impressive sight; so is an ocean carrying waves along. The ocean wave does not however carry water anymore than a wave of wheat carries grains along. The wave shapes into an undulating (sinusoidal)or a saw-tooth (trochoidal) pattern and makes use of the water it passes, being itself composed of something abstract as Nobel Laureate Feynman would qualify it,’ a mathematical principle.’

Energy is such stuff that reality of our physical world cannot be conceived as a thing apart. Even to register what you see in your mind entails energy. In short by the simple act of observing, the principle of conservation of energy has laid claim on you.* For simplicity sake I shall define inner world is that part where such conservation take place. I opened up with such a definition to indicate our physical and inner world are hinged on energy. In short it is a material world and it is abstract as well.

The premise of the book is simple: one cannot handle his physical world without drawing the inner world along. Both are one and indivisible.

There is a supersymmetry, clues to which are not wanting in our everyday living. Idea of darkness would denote absence of light, for example. Man creates sense of the world using his abstract thinking. As mentioned in Correspondence principle energy is a proof of human existence and no other,- his wealth or name or any, shall pass the test of death.

The earth is a representation of all other habitations and there is no other way one can graduate his nursery without genuine proof in terms of service. It goes without saying every one of us shall bear each other’s burden. Cain’s asked God ‘Am I my brother’s keeper? In reply God pointed to the deed of fratricide.’The voice of thy brother’s blood cries unto me from ground.’ The significance is clear. Our actions shall be held against us. Utility is man’s proof of having met the condemnation of Cain as best as he or she could. In this age of environmental disasters and weird climate ask ourselves how have we discharged our stewardship on the earth.


All life forms hold a relative position in Cosmos and are of equal weight. Therefore it is reasonable to believe energy level of each will also be same. It is quantitative since laws of physics clearly explain energy that is transferred, say for example while a drill bit cuts into metal, can be quantified.

Suppose accidents in physical universe robbed one of energy from being fully utilized what shall conserve energy surplus?

Energy forms part of life form as its reality as to denote a quantity. This reality of energy un-utilized is in terms of its transactional energy that it may pass on to another. By doing so it is continuing life after life where its reality is established. If reality of one living could make use of it this reality is utility instead.

This may be explained rather fancifully from an example. Henry Ford in inventing automobile merely connected to the inventor of wheel. In a manner of speaking Henry Ford extended the unsung inventive genius of our primordial ancestor. He made his relevance topical. Suppose the inventor of wheel compensated him with whatever energy left to his account it is utility made a reality. Henry Ford is his direct inheritor since he changed the use of wheel in an altogether new way. That in turns gives primordial ancestor relevance. Ford is an inheritor as Daimler or Royce is. Despite of narrow confines of time and space reality of each life form is, set in context of Ultimate Reality and on Time-Space. The Golden Pagoda.

There is no accident or element of chance in such a close relation where moral universe exercises its right and man who defrauded or committed violence need pay up to the victim.


A neuron is a nerve cell that is the basic building block of the nervous system. Neurons are similar to other cells in the human body in a number of ways, but there is one key difference between neurons and other cells. Neurons are specialized to transmit information throughout the body.

These highly specialized nerve cells are responsible for communicating information in both chemical and electrical forms. There are also several different types of neurons responsible for different tasks in the human body.

Isn’t the body and brain as one considering entire circuitry of a life-form must interface worlds without?

Tags:non-verbal communication, electrical and chemical impulses,neurotransmitter,

(Selected from a book under progress)




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In a physical world our senses prompt us to correspond objects and life forms in terms of size.
Our planet earth is a living planet giving rise to millions of species of life forms; Because it is home to every creature big or small, these life forms have learnt to interact in groups forming a food chain, and thriving as far as they could, making the most of their ecosystems.
Crack open an acorn and one might find a world of creatures that make it their home during the nut’s growth and decay. The number, however, is limited considering the size of the acorn. The nut has its limit so has the earth. Such a correspondence works when we consider material universe.
In terms of utility as demonstrated by food chain we see another correspondence. A whale corresponds with phytoplankton since these marine organisms form bulk of its diet. Of what quality is utility?

Salt has atoms arranged in a specific manner. Reality of Sodium and Chlorine atoms in their tight formation and nature of forces between make salt.
Look at these elements separately: Chlorine is a deadly poison and Sodium is a corrosive metal which burns in water. When arranged in its precise formation the salt very useful to us. Such is the concept of utilitatian relativism.
Our physical world has its supersymmetry with an innerworld: where collective experience makes up part of memory in Cosmic Mind utility must hold a correspondence between our physical world and inner world. Why one might ask? Energy that we in one world spent is a reality and that makes each of us a consumer. Since conservation of energy occurs in an Inner world our reality must be corrected with energy gain or loss set down in ultimate Reality.
Whales and phytoplankton as mentioned earlier correspond in terms of utility.Position of Inner world in terms of physical world also allows correspondence. Correspondence principle rephrases life forms in terms of energy gained or lost. (In the Importance of being Jellyfish we discussed how, in the world of energy efficiency, Jellyfishes are able to pare down their energy loss even further than any other. It is in real time and in physical world.) We have only one mode of reality that is proof to physical dissolution at death. Energy which neither created nor destroyed is our proof.
When we speak of utility it is that ability to be set down as proof of our human existence.
When we speak of heaven and hell we need to concede these are ideas.
As social animals ideas are our vocabulary necessary for influencing others. It also conveniently groups into collective terms: Proletariat and Capitalist, Haves and Have-nots, believers and kaffirs. This world with pigeonholes will make no sense to other species. To a dog his devotion is complete whether he is Christian or Atheist. Dogs know his master’s quality by single article of utility. Whatever worlds animals may create from a dimension, of senses or something else, we have only a catch-all word: extra sensory perception. Does that make us any better in terms of utility?
As social animals if we have no clearcut notion as to utility of what use are we?

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 How far chance plays a role in the history of nations? Let me recall the story I had posted some time ago.


Blind Chance

Agastya, a householder from Tulu desam, who lived in the middle of two constantly fighting neighbors Ambu and Subbu, had enough of his life. He went to Kailas to meditate. He received in due course enlightenment and his mentor asked him to choose a gift. He chose a deity in gold as large as a man’s palm.

“Chance it is called.” The mentor commented.

“It is a good gift to make my going back to my folks worth remembering.” Before he reached his home he came along a river where one man was about to make a hole in the river. “Don’t,” Agastya ran up to him. “It is chance which brought me to save you.” To his great surprise he was Subbu, his neighbor.

Yogi Agastya gave him his image and said,” Remember Chance has saved you.” Not long after Subbu went on a journey and he carried his image for his protection. While passing through a forest he was waylaid by robbers and was killed for the gold he carried.

As soon as news reached his home Ambu the other neighbor went to the Yogi and fell at his feet and said “Chance which you brought was for my rescue. Was it not?”

Chance has to be explained in terms of total interaction of life-forms. Certainty is settled by actions. Certainy of any ony one set of events in turn is on its own and must take its chance with others. History as with individual plays with larger groups and on a wider scale but the principle is always the same.



In Cosmos certainty of any action creates its own chains of events which create chance for a new player. Thus the war on terror in 2003 deposed Saddam Hussein of Iraq. Consequences of US intervention seems to have strengthened the hegemony of Shi’ia faction in the Middle East. So the Sunni faction whips up an opposition to cut the role of Iran in the region. Syria’s ability to withstand the opposition is a proof of Iran’s growing clout in the region. In a 4-D world of certainty chance is in the flattened down 3-D version of reality.












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