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Archive for the ‘philosophy’ Category

Philosophy of mathematics

One plus one is two. But when you apply it to a man and woman the answer shall be always what you may not guess. A family can never be pigeonholed into simple arithmetic. What is mathematics then? No one has yet settled about the nature of mathematics.

Mathematics of numbers however are pure. The number pi for example.

In everyday life, we speak as Platonists, treating the objects of our study as real things that exist independently of human thought. If challenged on this, however, we retreat to some sort of formalism, arguing that in fact we are just pushing symbols around without making any metaphysical claims. Most of all, however, we want to do mathematics rather than argue about what it actually is. We’re content to leave that to the philosophers.

There was a time, early in the twentieth century, in which mathematicians were passionately interested in the philosophy of mathematics. People were deeply concerned about what mathematics is, what sort of existence mathematical objects have, and their opinions on these questions actually influenced the mathematics they did.

Mathematics is a human endeavour, and in every day lives we create sets of certainties to account for services we render and consumables we buy so we have a value systems to assure us certain truths of our waking lives. (When the Spirit makes use of numbers it is notable that zero is never used.) As a value system it helps man give an account of his wealth.

Thus we create wealth and set this apart for our pension funds. When we are told all that money is gone what would mean? Does it mean the value we agreed upon coinage or bonds is worthless? It would not mean that our means to accumulate the desired value are cancelled along with it? Mathematical truths are uncertain like any other truths when it is tied to human nature.

A higher truth is what I have dealt with in Marginalia, a concise guide to the Bible. Truth of the word of God is ever fixed.

Marginalia in two volumes is available as e book/kindle version.

First volume has 112 pages and priced at $3.99

Second volume has 200 pages and priced at $5.99

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“How can one be unhappy unless had a vague idea what happiness is? How can conscience prick unless one had some notion what Perfect is? Intuition is sum total of what an individual is capable of taking cues from consciousness on any given moment,pared to its *least reducible limit. Flight or fight is one aspect of it; so is knowledge of the Most High

*In its least reducible limit what impinges from without and what responds from within are one”.

benny

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Uncertainty of Our Existence

 

Barclays, the UK bank, is to replace the password system on its phone banking service with personal voice recognition. “Unlike a password,” avers Steven Cooper, Barclays’ head of personal banking, “each person’s voice is as unique as a fingerprint.” Yet the reality is we have no idea whether either fingerprints or voices are unique at all.

If you buy a ticket for the lottery, the chances of winning the big prize are about 14m to 1. You might therefore be justified in regarding that as evidence that you are unlikely to win, and not buy a ticket as a result. Yet after the draw is made and Ms X of Glasgow is announced in the newspapers as the winner, the known unlikelihood of winning is obviously not evidence that she did not win. She did win. Unlikely things do happen.

Notorious case of Sally Clark, an English solicitor, for the alleged murder of her two babies illustrates well the problem. The case against her turned on the evidence of an expert witness, Sir Roy Meadow, who argued that it was highly improbable that two of her babies could have been the victim of natural cot deaths. Sally was exonerated by an appeals court after serving three years in prison, but died four years later. Her family said in a statement that she had never recovered from the miscarriage of justice. Expert opinion of Meadow was proved wrong in relying on the statistical improbability. It is like a meteor when it sets going we may, by assessing the available data and past history predict a doomsday scenario. But suppose along the way the larger mass of Jupiter which is at that precise moment throwing up -Aurora flares up on Jupiter is caused by volcanic moon Io*, and its path veers off one millionth of a hair width? Over the wide expanse between the earth and Jupiter the meteor would have strayed so farther off from the earth. In short statistical probabilities are never 100% correct.

The way forward

What do these insights mean in practical terms? People might well argue that even with our limited sampling of human voices, we have good reason to suspect we are very unlikely to come across two different people who have identical voices, even if we could never discount the possibility. Fine. Let us say that.

Human voice patterns or iris recognition need not be assumed to be unique to be useful tools for protecting private access to our bank accounts. In the same way, fingerprints need not be assumed to be unique to be useful in courts.

 

*Starting in January 2014, a telescope aboard the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency’s Hisaki satellite focused on Jupiter for two months. At the same time, NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope also focused on Jupiter for an hour each day for two weeks. Both observatories recorded random brightenings of the giant planet’s polar auroras.

These flare-ups occurred on days when the sun’s usual flow of charged particles was relatively weak. So the researchers conclude that they must be the result of the complex interactions between Jupiter and Io, and perhaps the other three Galilean moons of Jupiter — Callisto, Ganymede and Europa. (These four satellites were discovered by Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei in 1610.)

Io, Jupiter’s closest moon, gets “caught in this gravitational tug of war between Jupiter and the two other large moons, Europa and Ganymede,” study co-author Andrew Steffl, from the Southwest Research Institute in Boulder, Colorado, told Space.com. “It gets squished and squashed,” which drives internal heat just like if you bend a paper clip back and forth in your hands.

This process, in turn, drives a series of active volcanoes on Io. And when those volcanoes erupt, they blast large amounts of electrons and electrically charged atoms into space.

Jupiter’s magnetic field catches these charged particles as it sweeps past Io and “forms a donut-shaped region of relatively high-density plasma around Jupiter,” said co-author John Clarke from Boston University. This so-called magnetosphere is so large that it encapsulates all of Jupiter’s 60-plus known moons and extends nearly as far as Saturn.

(ack: The Conversation-Is every human voice and fingerprint really unique?/Aug.11- Hugh McLachlan

Professor of Applied Philosophy, Glasgow Caledonian University

benny

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Each one swears by truth. It is man’s article of faith. Strange that some even go to prove it by blowing themselves up. It is as though truth can be proved by demolishing one’s own life.

A form exists and is designated to prove the existence of truth.

A note for example middle C on a piano is regular vibrations at the rate of 262 per second. If the wings of a humming bird could produce so many vibrations at the same rate it is middle C. No one by any stretch of imagination will on that account conclude the bird and the piano are one and the same. The bird has truth of nature, too distinct to be confused for anything else. This truth is drawn from Truth.

Only that a bird by casting itself to death despite wings given to it, need something else to show its death proves Truth. No one alive shall see its connection. I might say it is the will of the Supreme Being that I fast unto death. How shall I convince myself that thereby I have fulfilled the conditions that delineate Truth?  It would be an atrocious error to assume the mind of God or Allah in denying his grace and compassion by any action that is open to doubt.

The bottom line is that we can only uphold truth in context of other beings created by God, and exercising our faculties to prove at all times. His grace is poured out from our actions and his compassion to us is balanced by showing compassion to other no matter whether is deserving or not. Anything else is born out of pride and from Satan.

benny

 

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Man is the biggest entrepreneur with chain of factories that are solely devoted to produce energy. Each cell is one. Our cells are factories where food with molecular oxygen is combined in order to extract energy in convenient package.

These factories mitochondria were some billions of years ago free organisms evolved into one giant conglomerate that explains our physiology.

Why should two companies merge but for perceived benefits than competing one another? Benefits must have far outweighed inconveniences.

When multicellular organisms arrived this merger continued to function so we are not a single body but a collection of specialized divisions.

Man is in short a factory of trillions of companies with diversified portfolio each set to do under a single management. This is a natural order.

In any world where life is to be enriched there must exist factors conducive for choices. Each individual senses its own multiplicity of needs and can relate the outside forces to which it can respond in an independent manner than others.

Individualism against robotic mentality.

Let me quote a media savant: ‘In Silicon Valley, the point of a venture is to add incremental value to an existing large technological infrastructure.  In the Silicon Valley world, people say things like “Is the market ready for this?” and “Who is your customer?”  In other words they’re focusing on the constraints being provided by existing technological understanding in the market, and if they can fit inside that, investors will keep quiet.  The work involves completing quantitative feature lists on a schedule”.(ack: Rene Amador/Quora)

But put all the nerds or the brightest minds in one box and their problem solving abilities will soon show its achilles heel. Their entrepreneurial skills have become ossified by being removed from the natural order of organization. You need to consider the number of great may corporations all geared to work as if so many cars out of an assembly line. These names may have held their position for a while but have lost out in the march of time. Detroit or the Motor City has itself came bankrupt, a fitting metaphor.

Life is much more than mind of man and profits and figures that represent things, collectively let us say money. (to be continued)

benny

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Love of the world is like the sword of Damocles. You seek wealth, fame, name all for what? These are not you. Let us see what gave rise to this expression: the sword of Damocles..

According to legend, when Damocles declared that his king, Dionysius, must have such a enviable and easy life, Dionysius offered to trade places with Damocles. There was only one catch. Dionysius decreed that a sword be suspended over the throne by a single horse hair, so that Damocles would always know the peril of being king. Since then the Sword of Damocles has come to represent a threat of doom that could strike without warning. Being a man and prey to maladies of all sorts bereavement, envy of neighbors, malice of those for whom you only wished well are risks that can overwhelm you.
Quatrain #27 explains this:

Pomp and circumstance, how trivial are they

Against time,-and envy can find its way:

Like shadows that belie the lay of land

Find we even our blood join in the fray.

benny

If this were a TV program you shall be in time for a word from the sponsors:
Remember the time you read Omar Khayyam for the first time? I assure you a feast for the eyes and soul.
Here are the links,

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In order to understand rise and fall of civilization we can use the analogy of waves. Waves cannot run on themselves. It makes use of energy as nations use energy of peoples to form waves. People themselves do not pass energy around but energy uses them to travel distance. I call this making my day count. But life that is in me has ways of connecting with energy that begun even before the Big Bang.

The energy of winds in turn is another form of solar energy.

The sun doesn’t ever heat the Earth evenly nor do abilities of groups of people scattered around the globe are evenly matched. The same principle that keeps some regions more heated than others keep drive civilizations in circulation. Inequality principle in human affairs carry potential energy to destroy and redefine nations . 

The Earth’s natural formations as well as its orientation to the sun play their part just as abundance of natural resources make some nations lead the engine of progress.

As some air gets heated, it becomes less dense, and thus lighter, and naturally floats upward. This leaves an open space for denser, colder air to rush in and take its place. This air rush is the refreshing cool breeze you feel on a sunny day. The fruits of civilisation are mostly result of many technological innovations and these  make life easier for the nation that can control it. The Allies in the WWII could make nuclear bombs and control the outcome to their satisfaction. It did not however prevent other powers also getting hold of nuclear know-how.

Solar power is energy that make waves just as energy from elsewhere take some nations to pre-eminence. The bottom line is energy is not created by nations themselves but carried by many waves begun elsewhere.

Around the coastal areas waves closer to the bottom carries less energy than the top giving the waves to crash and the energy is not lost but dissipated. Thus we have seen the ancient civilisations crashing into oblivion while energy of these go to fashion new players.

(ack: HowStuffWorks/How waves form) 

benny

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