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(For long traditional Bible teachers have, while interpreting the Bible taken a lopsided view either for Israel or for a church in the mold of modern evangelicalism. It is not Jerusalem but New Jerusalem where there is no Jew or Gentile, bond or free. It is the throne of God and of the Lamb . The holy City of God in eternity is what we have as our Promised Land. Moses leading Israel to the land of Canaan was merely stand-in for Jesus Christ the king of kings and the Lord of Lords leading his Church in which a remnant of Israel as well as the Gentiles shall be included. The Covenant is eternal and it is what we discuss now-b)

“…I will preserve thee, and give thee for a covenant of the people, to establish the earth, to cause to inherit the desolate heritages;(v.8)”

In a theological context a covenant is dictated by the intention and observance of what has been stipulated. In the Bible we shall see three entities are called upon in the process.  The term “covenant” is of Latin origin (con venire), meaning a coming together. It presupposes two or more parties as stated before; in this case man and God,-they agree on the Word which is the eternal word of God (Ps.119:89) and is understood as the constitution. So the covenant is very legal.  Here we consider third entity Word as the testimony of God who expressed his Will. ‘That I may dwell among them (man).” So it is a bilateral arrangement into which God is a party. How can any covenant work by its merits where God and man are unequal unless there is a common basis? On what basis a covenant could be said to be workable considering it confers alike on both parties same privileges, and responsibilities? Between men in olden times an oath was sufficient. Between Abimelech, the King of Gerar and Isaac a covenant was established by an oath binding both parties to peace (Ge.26:26-31)

Having introduced the significance of covenant,- it is a covenant by blood which is the basis and gives a logical explanation of the Logos concept. The Word was made flesh (John1:1) and “And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission (He.9:22)” present before us two ideas which are conflated. Efficacy of the Word and blood satisfy the basic provision of covenant being between bilateral parties. The law and atonement by the Son of man on the cross agree in the deity and humanity of Jesus Christ. So there is nothing new but in the manner the will of the Father and the Son fulfilling the provisions thereof. The slain lamb before the worlds began (Re.13:8) is therefore God’s testimony. The lapse in time between intention and fulfillment is on account of human limitations with regards to time- because the Holy Spirit is presenting the Scripture in God’s Time.

In the rest of this chapter what the Prophet offers is the Suffering Servant and as Mediator and as the ensign unto his people. In the v.5 the clause ‘Though Israel be not gathered’ predicts the New Jerusalem in which only a remnant of the House of Israel shall have part. “Behold I and the children which God hath given me(He.2:13) and as sign and wonders (Is.8:17). This agrees with Isaiah and his two sons who were set apart as signs  and it also serves as a kangaroo word for Jesus Christ and the Church. This throws light on the v.6,”….and to restore the preserved of Israel: I will also give thee for a light to the Gentiles, that thou mayest be my salvation unto the end of the earth” God did not create the earth in vain but it is to inhabited, desolate places ravage by problem of sin shall still flourish when the glory of the Throne of the Lamb and of God manifest in eternity. The same covenant shall hold true. .

And now, saith the Lord that formed me from the womb to be his servant, to bring Jacob again to him, Though Israel be not gathered, yet shall I be glorious in the eyes of the Lord, and my God shall be my strength (v.5).

And he said, It is a light thing that thou shouldest be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved of Israel: I will also give thee for a light to the Gentiles, that thou mayest be my salvation unto the end of the earth.

Thus saith the Lord, the Redeemer of Israel, and his Holy One, to him whom man despiseth, to him whom the nation abhorreth, to a servant of rulers, Kings shall see and arise, princes also shall worship, because of the Lord that is faithful, and the Holy One of Israel, and he shall choose thee.

Thus saith the Lord, In an acceptable time have I heard thee, and in a day of salvation have I helped thee: and I will preserve thee, and give thee for a covenant of the people, to establish the earth, to cause to inherit the desolate heritages;

That thou mayest say to the prisoners, Go forth; to them that are in darkness, Shew yourselves. They shall feed in the ways, and their pastures shall be in all high places.

10 They shall not hunger nor thirst; neither shall the heat nor sun smite them: for he that hath mercy on them shall lead them, even by the springs of water shall he guide them.

11 And I will make all my mountains a way, and my highways shall be exalted.

12 Behold, these shall come from far: and, lo, these from the north and from the west; and these from the land of Sinim.

13 Sing, O heavens; and be joyful, O earth; and break forth into singing, O mountains: for the Lord hath comforted his people, and will have mercy upon his afflicted.

14 But Zion said, The Lord hath forsaken me, and my Lord hath forgotten me.

15 Can a woman forget her sucking child, that she should not have compassion on the son of her womb? yea, they may forget, yet will I not forget thee.

16 Behold, I have graven thee upon the palms of my hands; thy walls are continually before me.

17 Thy children shall make haste; thy destroyers and they that made thee waste shall go forth of thee.

18 Lift up thine eyes round about, and behold: all these gather themselves together, and come to thee. As I live, saith the Lord, thou shalt surely clothe thee with them all, as with an ornament, and bind them on thee, as a bride doeth.

19 For thy waste and thy desolate places, and the land of thy destruction, shall even now be too narrow by reason of the inhabitants, and they that swallowed thee up shall be far away.

20 The children which thou shalt have, after thou hast lost the other, shall say again in thine ears, The place is too strait for me: give place to me that I may dwell.

21 Then shalt thou say in thine heart, Who hath begotten me these, seeing I have lost my children, and am desolate, a captive, and removing to and fro? and who hath brought up these? Behold, I was left alone; these, where had they been?

22 Thus saith the Lord God, Behold, I will lift up mine hand to the Gentiles, and set up my standard to the people: and they shall bring thy sons in their arms, and thy daughters shall be carried upon their shoulders.

23 And kings shall be thy nursing fathers, and their queens thy nursing mothers: they shall bow down to thee with their face toward the earth, and lick up the dust of thy feet; and thou shalt know that I am the Lord: for they shall not be ashamed that wait for me.

24 Shall the prey be taken from the mighty, or the lawful captive delivered?

25 But thus saith the Lord, Even the captives of the mighty shall be taken away, and the prey of the terrible shall be delivered: for I will contend with him that contendeth with thee, and I will save thy children.

26 And I will feed them that oppress thee with their own flesh; and they shall be drunken with their own blood, as with sweet wine: and all flesh shall know that I the Lord am thy Saviour and thy Redeemer, the mighty One of Jacob.

(Reprinted from Guide To His Word posted on May 2,2019)

Benny