1. Elephant shrews heart beats at 800 times per minute.
Humming birds 1200 beats per minute.
Size for size consumes fuel 3 times that of a fighter plane.
On the other hand a sloth has heart at 20 minutes per minute. It needs a month for digesting its food.
2.Cholesterol insoluble in blood is carried across by lipoprotein.
3. Bacteria in bodies 3 million years old are revived as permafrost in Siberia thawed.
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Posted in philosophy, tagged anthropology, Benny Thomas, biology, cultures, emotions, evolution, fear, infanticide, religion,, violence on April 13, 2012|
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First let me give opinions of an anthropologist and a biologist. ‘Our emotions make us unique
While human aggression is a naturally evolved phenomenon we have in common with other animals, the difference between human and animal violence comes down to the complexity of the emotion driving it, said Elizabeth Cashdan professor of Anthropology of Univ. of Utah in 2009.
Aggression in few animals goes beyond protecting one’s territory, mates, offspring and food — there is some evidence that domestic dogs and chimpanzees do hold grudges, said Carrier, a Biologist also from Univ. of Utah — but human violence has evolved to stem from less typical sources.
“Humans are unique in the complexity of their social relationships and their highly developed social intelligence. Revenge and spite are quintessential social emotions and so are not likely to be found in many, if any, other species,” she said.
“For example revenge killings, and the cultural institutions that support and restrain it,
shape human aggression in new ways,” said Cashdan. The intelligent reasoning that lets most of us override any innate desire to be violent also makes some people, such as parents that kill their children, as well as institutions justify violence illogically, experts say.
With our complex brain we splice frustration, fear for the future all the emotions violent and beautiful into shapes never thought possible. A chimpanzee can never commit hara-kiri a ceremony to wipe of dishonor. Whereas a man can flagellate for God or to show his intense sorrow for a dead saint.
Worry over the future
An understanding of the evolutionary roots of human aggression could help institutions make better policy decisions, according to experts.
“Evolution didn’t just shape us to be violent, or peaceful, it shaped us to respond flexibly, adaptively, to different circumstances, and to risk violence when it made adaptive sense to do so. We need to understand what those circumstances are if we want to change things,” said Cashdan.
Though conflicts like the ones that occurred in Rwanda and the former Yugoslavia in the 1990s may seem a distant memory, the tipping point between peace and that sort of violence is a finer line than we think, said Carrier.
“My personal opinion is that Western society, as a whole, is in mass denial about the magnitude of the problem that violence represents for the future”.
In a caste riddled Hindu society breaking rules of gotra the village elders may punish man and woman with death. If we consider such acts can only occur in a primitive society think of Grimmer of Texas, America.
Rachelle Grimmer, 38, pulled a gun on the welfare office supervisor, Roberto Reyes, and her two children out of her frustration at being denied food stamps. The office’s other employees were able to safely evacuate the building, according to the San Antonio Express.
A SWAT team surrounded the building, and officers communicated with Grimmer throughout the ordeal.
But at midnight — shortly after Grimmer hung up on police — three shots were fired, causing the police to storm the building.
(abc Good Morning America-7 Dec.2011)Frustration in progressive society is over future and in a primitive society is over the past. While we speak of superstition and ridiculous beliefs of the other cultures how we feel about future rely on the brain that is less than efficient. Our emotions we may shape into new forms but cannot escape the forces that bear upon the brain.
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Which came first? Chicken or egg?
In order to answer it as intelligently as I can allow me to mention the simple process of chicken laying eggs. Eggs cannot be hard within a chicken any more than a baby can come out of its mother’s uterus with its brain fully developed. Let me digress a little.
The greatest engineering skill, name it Positive Intelligence if you will, designed the process of child-birth to protect the baby as well as its mother. Thus the design has foreseen interests of both. It sees these as one. It will require six years for the brain of the child to fully develop that gives the mother to nurse the baby so nature (derived from both parents) has time to be impressed.
Let me come back to my main topic. A gamete* is a cell that fuses with another cell during fertilization and it is located in a chicken on the yolk surface and surrounded by albumen, or egg white. The albumen in turn is surrounded by two shell membranes (inner and outer membranes and then the eggshell. The chicken eggshell is 95-97% calcium carbonate crystals.The structure and composition of the chicken eggshell ( required for protecting the egg against damage and microbial contamination) is stabilized by a protein matrix. The shell becomes hard only as it is laid so as to falicitate its passage through the isthmus of the oviduct.
The importance of locating elusive Higgs boson is that it hints at a field permeating the Universe – the Higgs field by which particles to obtain their mass. Interactions with the field – with the Higgs bosons that come from it – are purported to give particles mass. If found true it must demonstrate that Positive Intelligence works out mass for our material world with the same attention to chicken’s laying eggs. Chicken and eggs were both coexistent in that Mind. Compare my post On Second Thoughts: female of the species. He created male and female as one.
*The name gamete was introduced by the Austrian biologist Gregor Mendel. Gametes carry half the genetic information of an individual, 1n of each type.
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