Posts Tagged ‘family’

“…for me there is no greater bore than a 100-per-cent male or female. Confronted by a massive two-fisted barrel-chested he-man or a fluttering itsy-bitsy, all-tendril female, I run from their irksome company. The men and women I prize are a happy blend of male and female characteristics. A man who is masculine with a definitely female streak of perception, intuition and tenderness is a whole man;he is an interesting man, a gay companion, a complete lover. A woman who possesses a sufficient strain of masculinity to make her thoughtful, decisive, worldly in the best meaning of the word;fair; self-reliant; companionable- this is a whole woman.
The feminine in the man is the sugar in the whiskey. The masculine in the woman is the yeast in the bread. Without these ingredients the result is flat, without tang or flavor.” Edna Ferber, A Kind of Magic (Gollancz,London)


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KRUPP, Alfred, celebrated gun manufacturer, born in Essen, Germany, April 26, 1812; died July 14, 1887. His father, Friedrich Krupp, discovered the art of making cast-steel. Alfred was fourteen years of age his father died. A small forge and shop was left for the support of his family At the time Alfred took charge of it, in 1848, he employed two workmen.
Soon after he discovered a method of casting steel in large masses, and erected the first forging hammer employed in Germany. Shortly after the manufactory became one of the most important in Europe and produced engines, rails, car wheels tires, and steel guns. The guns manufactured there were used in the Franco-Prussian War, giving the German army a decided advantage, especially at the siege of Paris. By 1875 the principal powers of Europe and of other grand divisions began to adopt the Krupp steel guns, and at present they are used more extensively than any others. In 1890 the factory cast a gun for the Russian government weighing 135 tons, and in 1893 exhibited one at the Chicago Columbian Exposition weighing 124 tons. Besides the extensive manufactory, Krupp acquired large mines and collieries, and at present 22,000 workmen are employed, while the manufactory covers an area of over 1,000 acres. The coal mines are in Essen and Bochum, while iron mines belonging to the institution are situated in Germany and Spain. The entire concern is by far the greatest of its kind in the world, and is only entered by workmen, all others and foreign governments being denied permission to inspect the premises. Alfred Krupp, son of the founder, succeeded to the general management after the death of his father. In 1864 letters of nobility were tendered Krupp by the king of Prussia, which he declined. He was one of the wealthiest men of Germany , philanthropic, and at his death 60,000 people gathered at Essen to pay their last respects. The son died Nov. 22, 1902.
Early Krupps
The recorded history of the Krupps starts in 1587 with the entry of one Arndt Krupp (Krupe) in the guild archives of Essen. A prominent burgher, he ran a flourishing business in the wine and grocery trade, real estate, and moneylending and married his children into Essen’s wealthiest families. The marriage of the eldest son, Anton, to the daughter of a well-established gunsmith first involved a Krupp in the manufacture of guns – in this case, during the Thirty Years War. After the conclusion of that war, however, and during the century that followed, the scions of the family retreated to public office as town clerks of Essen, while other members of the family continued as small traders and shopkeepers.
Not until the mid-18th century did the Krupp’s business fortunes rise again. In 1751 Friedrich Jodokus Krupp (1706-1757), a great-great-grandson of Arndt who had become a wealthy merchant by a first marriage, married Helene Amalie, who similarly claimed direct descent from the first Essen Krupp. Following Jodokus’s death, Helene Amalie promptly renamed the family business “Widow Krupp” and in 1800 acquired a foundry near Essen named “Good Hope.” A shrewd widow she sold “Good Hope” at a considerable profit 8 years later,to her grandson and successor, Friedrich (1787-1826). He built his steel-casting factory at a time when the exclusion of British steel by Napoleon’s continental system made the production of steel an unusually promising prospect. He founded in 1811 the firm of Fried. Krupp – the name the firm still bears today. Friedrich died on Oct. 8, 1826.

The Teachers’ and Pupils’ Cyclopædia, Vol. III (Kansas City: Bufton Book Co., 1909) 963.
(ack: Dromo’s Den, and Answers.com-early Krupps)

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This Japanese film (Banshun in Japanese) is the second of post-war productions from Yasujirō Ozu. Unlike the other famous and more well known to international audience Akira Kurosawa, he prefers to work on much a simpler scale. Yasujiro Ozu is the most Japanese of Japan’s filmmakers, who dispenses with an elaborate plot or action to keep the viewer’s attention. Kurosawa may keep several cameras rolling simultaneously to give his actions fluidity or let them leap past picture frame as in Seven Samurai while Ozu’s camera remains three feet above the floor: he, with his subjective camera technique prompts the viewer to see his films from a Japanese perspective. According to film critic Iwasaki Akira,’ The Japanese people spend their lives seated on ‘tatami’ mattings spread over the floor;…therefore the eye of the camera also must be at this level.’ (“Yasujirō Ozu”, Film No 36, Summer 1963,p.9) Before I pass over to the plot and other matters I think his films uphold typically a Japanese virtue of ‘less is more.’ Like Sho, Japanese calligraphy there is a natural balance in both the characters and the composition as a whole’.
The plot is simple: There is a deep bond between a widowed father and his daughter who is ‘in her late spring.’ Does he let her serve his needs longer or give her away in marriage while there is time? It is based on Father and Daughter by Kazuo Hirotsu.
The story concerns Noriko, who lives happily with her widowed father and seems in no hurry to get married. Her father, a professor, however, wants to see her settled and conspires with his sister to trick Noriko into pursuing an arranged marriage. Not wishing to see the girl resign herself to spinsterhood, Shukuchi   ( Chisu Ryu) pretends that he himself is about to be married. Obvious in a middle-class home with such small living space as In Japan there will be no room for her, thus forcing her to seek comfort and joy elsewhere. It is cruel to be pushed out of the family nest but love sometimes must be made of sterner stuff. Chisu Ryu was faultless as the father whose emotions always struck the right note as one who could warm up to the affection of his selfless daughter and equally show his concern at the way she was turning herself in the process into a aged spinster. The film stars Setsuko Hara, in her first of many collaborations with Ozu.
Directed by     Yasujirō Ozu
Produced by     Shochiku Films Ltd.
Written by     Kazuo Hirotsu
Kôgo Noda
Yasujiro Ozu
Music by     Senji Itô
Cinematography     Yuuharu Atsuta
Running time     108 min.


Chishu Ryu … Shukichi Somiya
Setsuko Hara … Noriko Somiya
Yumeji Tsukioka … Aya Kitagawa
Haruko Sugimura … Masa Taguchi
Hohi Aoki … Katsuyoshi
Jun Usami … Shuichi Hattori

Similar Movies
Tokyo Story  (1953, Yasujiro Ozu)
Early Summer  (1951, Yasujiro Ozu)
Movies with the Same Personnel
Early Summer  (1951, Yasujiro Ozu)
Tokyo Story  (1953, Yasujiro Ozu)
Late Autumn  (1960, Yasujiro Ozu)
An Autumn Afternoon  (1962, Yasujiro Ozu)
Floating Weeds  (1959, Yasujiro Ozu)
Equinox Flower  (1958, Yasujiro Ozu)
Early Autumn  (1961, Yasujiro Ozu)
Good Morning  (1959, Yasujiro Ozu)

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