Posts Tagged ‘Holy Roman Empire’

Constantine I (c.280-337AD)

His contribution to the burgeoning Christianity in the difficult days of persecution under the Roman aegis he is called the Great and among Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox and Byzantine Catholic Christians by the appellation of a saint. Saint Constantine or Constantine the Great he reversed the persecutions of his predecessor, Diocletian, and issued (with his co-emperor Licinius) the Edict of Milan in 313, which proclaimed religious tolerance throughout the empire.
Caesar Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus Augustus was Roman emperor from 306, and the sole holder of that office from 324 until his death in 337.
Constantine also transformed in a matter of six years the ancient Greek colony of Byzantium into a new imperial residence, Constantinople, which would remain the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire for over one thousand years. When he died the empire was divided among his three sons which was a harbinger of things to come.
The Byzantine Empire considered Constantine its founder and the Holy Roman Empire reckoned him among the venerable figures of its tradition. In the later Byzantine state, it had become a great honor for an emperor to be hailed as a “new Constantine”. Ten emperors, including the last emperor of Byzantium, carried the name. At the court of Charlemagne the name Constantine acquired a mythic role as a warrior against heathens and his identifying with his reign was to prove his legitimacy as his successor. Perhaps this foreshadows the manner Stalin made himself as legitimate successor to the mantle of Lenin.



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