Posts Tagged ‘law of compensation’

Even though scientists have managed to quantify how much dark matter lurks in distant galaxies, astronomers have been hard-pressed to figure out how much of the mysterious stuff lies within our own.

But in a paper published in the journal Nature Physics, a team of researchers has managed to measure the amount of dark matter in the inner Milky Way, which could shed light on the structure and evolution of our galaxy, and perhaps of others as well. Dark matter is that mysterious stuff that accounts for 84.1% of the matter in the universe, while normal matter – all the stuff we can see, from galaxies to stars and planets and black holes and us – makes up a mere 15.9%. Because it doesn’t interact with light, it is completely invisible to us, and the only way to tell it’s there is by looking for its powerful gravitational influence on the normal matter around us. For example, astronomers are able to calculate how much dark matter is in far-off galaxies by looking at their spin. Basically, astronomers can tell how much mass is in a spiral galaxy by watching how fast it rotates. The faster the spin, the more massive the galaxy. And if they’re more massive, the galaxies should be brighter, too, because they should be filled with more stars. But astronomers noticed galaxies that were spinning really fast, even though they weren’t bright. If the mass causing these galaxies to spin so fast wasn’t from stars or gas, then what exactly was it? Scientists need to measure how much of it there is in a given galaxy in order to understand the behavior of galaxies and the large-scale structure of the cosmos. For distant galaxies, that’s relatively easy to do. Ironically, for the galaxy we live in, that’s a much more difficult measurement to make, said UC Irvine astrophysicist James Bullock, who was not involved the study. [Measuring] anything is hard when you’re inside of it,” Bullock said. “It’s kind of like trying to figure out what kind of house you live in without ever leaving your house.”

Our knowledge of the forces that in certain phases seem to go contrary to our expectations as well as helpful at times is woefully inadequate. We call it luck. If we were lucky to hit a jackpot only to be burgled of the winnings why call it luck? On the other side of the coin if we have been led through a short leash in our adolescence and in old age face with what little we have, in a happy frame of mind, what do we call those years of restraint?

In short when life negates your chances as well as compensates later on must owe to forces that are at play. These forces are such reason cannot adequately explain these switch off/on phenomenon. Reason is simple: We are too much involved as to be impartial. If we cannot measure the dark matter inside our galaxy we may as well consider it as a possibility. If one born is in a log cabin and suffers hardships reason may explain it as something owing to the way circumstances are. If the same person could finally occupy the highest office of the land how reason shall explain it? Taking a leaf out of nature one might say, hardship as necessary as to make one toughen up. It makes sense, does it not? If President Lincoln’s life is synonymous with slave question it might add an additional insight: Life of hardship made him sensitive to the sufferings of the slaves. But actual details of the life show he was not moved by the plight of the slaves as much as he thought slave question was a question mark in the democratic credentials of the nation. How can a nation be half free and half slaves? Indeed it is a matter of personal integrity that he dared to make a change knowing that he was a marked man. Life of a man is not to be really measured by superficial details of birth, death, honors received etc., but in what manner the life could make positive changes. (LATimes-science Now-Heart of darkness: Scientists probe dark matter near Milky Way’s core)

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(Aesop is here discussing with his friend about their past and Xeno the Cynic presses the story- teller closely about the discussion they had the day before.-b)
It was evident Xeno had given much thought to the last discussion he had with Aesop. “But you did not get equal chance. Neither did I.” Xeno explained in so many words about his past. He was the second son who merely replaced the one who died before. He said, “I knew I was not loved for what I am.” Controlling himself he added, “By the time my younger brothers came my parents were cured of their folly and they got their share, alright.” Suddenly Xeno fell silent.
“Yes, my friend,” Aesop explained, “there is so much ignorance and cruelty. Those who ought to have loved and cherished us merely failed in their duty. We came into this world naked and dispossessed already. It is the law of deprivation at work. We had no choice in the matter. Did we?” Xeno shook his head.
“It is random and an accident. Why make it worse by feeling sorry? The law of deprivation entitles us to another law.”
Xeno shot up his eyebrows.
“Yes. Law of Compensation.” Aesop said, “Whatever good comes your way you have earned it. How I came into the household of Iadmon was not how I went out.”
“You are still cash strapped,” Xeno asked, “Aren’t you?” “Yes,” Aesop said, “Making riches was not how I wished to be compensated.” Aesop realized life compensated him only in directions he sought to remedy his wants.
He told him a story to llustrate it. An Argive went in search of gold after hearing of a gold rush in the neighborhood. He came to the right spot all right. But he was too late. So many had before him panned gold from the rocks and so quickly too, and had exhausted the deposit. So he went on in dismay not knowing where. He stumbled upon a field strewn with bodies of men and horses. A bloody carnage the battlefield had witnessed and he was the only living person there. The Persian army lay dead in their rich apparel and armor before him. He picked as much gold plated helmets and body armor, not to mention swords with handles studded with precious jewels. He brought home a fortune! There was gold much more than he would have ever picked from panning. Was he wrong if he treated his find as compensation for his trouble? (Selected-The Life of Aesop-Ch:8. 9 )
note: Law of Deprivation and Law of Negation denote the same.

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Evidence from recent brain-imaging experiments indicates that blind people’s brains harness the same visual cortex for getting their way around. Naturally question arises why use it if one is blind? “When blind people read Braille using touch, the sensory data is being sent to and processed in the visual cortex,” said Morton Heller, a psychologist who studies spatial cognition and blindness at Eastern Illinois University. “Using touch, they get a sense of space” — and the relative locations of the raised dots that from Braille letters — “that’s not visual, it’s just spatial.”
For blind people who are adept at echolocation, sound information routes through the visual cortex as well. Their brains use echoes to generate spatial maps, which are sometimes so detailed that they enable mountain biking, playing basket ball etc.,
Sighted people visualize the surrounding world by detecting borders between areas rich in different wavelengths of light, which we see as different colors. Gabias who is blind from birth builds pictures using his sense of touch, and by listening to the echoes of clicks of his tongue and taps of his cane as these sounds bounce off objects in his surroundings, a technique called echolocation.
“There’s plenty of imagery that goes on all the time in blind people,” he told Life’s Little Mysteries. “It just isn’t visual.”
Gabias is an associate professor of psychology at the University of British Columbia who conducts research on perceptual and cognitive aspects of blindness. His personal and professional experience leads him to believe that the brains of blind people work around the lack of visual information, and find other ways to achieve the same, vitally important result: a detailed 3D map of space.
The brain region neuroscientists normally think of as the “visual” cortex, rather than being left to languish, plays a key role in the blind’s mental mapping process.
In sighted people, visual information first goes to the visual cortex, which is located in the occipital lobe at the back of the brain. From there, it goes to the parietal lobe, sometimes referred to as the “where system” because it generates awareness of a sensed object’s location. Next, the information is routed to the temporal lobe, also known as the “what system” because it identifies the object.(ack:LiveScience.com/Natalie Wolchover-Oct 3,’12)
Is this a compensatory mechanism by which the loss of sight in a person is given another option to be on spatial mode?
I remember the case of Louis Pasteur who lost power of speech after a stroke. He seems to have created new speech areas in his brain. I would think there is a compensatory mechanism in the universe that gives every life form and species ways to compensate their inadequacies. Call it Natural selection or evolutionary triggering mechanism.
Earlier the bottom line was that energy is neither created nor destroyed. Now we know energy is borrowed and through the entire universe there is a kind of barter system going on by which law of Negation and Law of Compensation work at tandem to give all life forms their comeuppance and rewards. We sense from our own situation what are the possibilities and if we work out our hunches lo and behold we find new grounds in spite of frustrating failures. Alfred Adler was the first to describe this. In Natural World also we see this. How dogs, eagles dolphins make sense of the world are different and if such variety has helped each species we may think such compensation is not isolated or rare.

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Man fears what he dares not understand. He foresees all sorts of difficulties instead of taking the problem by the throat. Why the west should come to grips with Islamophobia? It is one way of asking why should not we try to understand our brothers? Especially we pride ourselves of our liberal traditions let us be fair in trying to understand why we fear them. We Christians follow monotheism same as Moslems who follow one God. Only in details we show up our differences. If we are only following our religion nominally this should not be posing any difficulty in understanding them. Should it?
We follow a failed religion even as they. Look at the way we uphold the teachings of Jesus? At every step of the way we have distorted his teachings. What of Moslems? In the way they blast the innocents and their perceived enemies away show how they set example to their religion. In short religion should not be what keeps the gulf between us and them.
Think of the founder of Islam. Among his circle of acquaintances were Christians and Jews. He wanted to forge something new from both religions that had failed the test of every day reality. Tragedy of this new religion lay squarely in the manner his teachings have been aborted within hundred years since his death.
Great prophets and teachers have merely set truth of our existence in certain form; and sects have ever since thrived each laying stress on a certain aspect; and traditions have fenced them about as sacred. Donkeys bear the burden least concerned what precious truths they carry about. All they are concerned is to avoid the whip and munch happily whatever they are given. They also find a place to park their weary bones as their load. Life is bearable as long as they observe certain rules that encompass their narrow existence. Jews, Christians and Moslems are brethren and the only difference is that donkeys know their masters and other beasts of burden as well. In our case we fail miserably on the core value of a religion. Some fools sit in vigil, prayer vigil it is and they keep at it for 24 hours to drive out ‘demonic presence’ of another religion.
Even in the best times when Islam was at the height of their world conquests they allowed Christians and Jews to live unmolested in the special quarters. Spain decimated Inca empire and Mayan civilization by fire and sword and made the poor natives know the incomprehensible love of God . We let Spain Portugal do their worst in the Americas. They went berserk for the 3 Gs-Gold, Glory and God. They are the example of religion that upholds love.. Did we make American natives any better for it? The children of Islam did similarly by destroying churches, temples and defacing cultural heritages. They made Moslem converts by sword wherever they overran. Here it cannot be the case of pot calling the kettle black. This begs the question: why we cannot see the Moslems as our brethren?
My thesis is that our controversy stems from the point of culture. Let us look back into history.
The children of Islam did not gather with us as we moved from the medieval ideas onto the Enlightenment and liberal traditions. We took the challenge of liberal ideas instead of scholasticism and coped with Industrial revolution to make a new world order. The Moslems did not and instead they fell back on their religion.
‘He who does not gather with me scatters’ Of this I shall discuss in the next section.
We carry about us our broken faiths and also promises and yet when we cannot coexist with our brothers.
Here is an interesting puzzle. How come Children of Islam who had it all going in their favor became backward and ended up in secondary position? In the Medieval Europe universities were modeled after madarassas and latest ideas in algebra, medicine, philosophy came from Islam. This thirst for knowledge was pursued keenly by Moslems on the injunction of their most blessed Prophet. Since Allah was all-knowing it was the duty of every believer to know his world. It was thus till the Mongol invasion in the 13th century. Abruptly as a reaction to the threats from outside learning became suspect. philosophers of all hues were put to sword, science and everything that seemed a threat to their world were expunged. Their shrinking world was totally dedicated to read their scriptures and follow their peers. No wonder there was nothing they could teach the west or match them in cunning or in learning. It was a suicide of the grand scale. Like whales beaching or lemmings ending their lives Islam ceased to be in the lead.
On the other hand one essential characteristic of the Jews was in their ability absorb the prevailing mathematical, medical and philosophical lore of the Arabs and the host country and work with them without discarding their own culture. They were culturally distinct yet they were open-minded to the breathe the winds of change in whichever place they found themselves in. In the 12th and 13th centuries they played an important role in transmitting ancient and oriental culture to western Europe.It was at Cordova Moses Maimonides (1135-1204) the greatest physician of the age wrote his commentary the Guide to the Perplexed. In this long line of achievers we may place the services of Chaim Weizman who invented the ABE process of making acetone through bacterial fermentation. What was so significance of this process? It is a primary source for the making of cordite and it would come very useful in the WWII. Industrial exploitation of this process became possible in 1916. Such services and of vital importance made Chaim Weizmann on friendly terms with important personalities of the day. ( it is one of history’s curiosities that Jews could lend a push to the furthering of great events in Europe because of the Diaspora. They compensated their loss of homeland in such small but steady support to be connected with momentous events in European history. For example Columbus voyage’ was funded by Jews in Genoa)
In 1917 Weizmann became president of the British Zionist Federation and worked with Arthur Balfour to obtain the milestone Balfour Declaration. It stated in part that the British government ‘views with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people…’ Balfour intellectually brilliant but noted for lassitude and aristocratic disdain for industry did not care much for causes least of all for Jewish question. He even did not care if the Jews were resettled in Uganda or in Australia. But despite of all these circumstances strangely did conspire to help them.
Beyond any statesman’s power the idea of homeland for the Jewish people had gathered momentum and there was a perception growing even before the 19th century began of the Jewish question. The continued anti-Semitism despite their cultural assimilation was a blot on the enlightenment ideals that marked a European man of culture. As a result assimilation for the Jews into society was allowed in Europe. Theodore Herzl published a book Der Judenstaat (1896) placing all their unfulfilled hopes into print and it was the writing of the wall on the European consciousness. How sincere was the idea of European Enlightenment would be judged in the way it was answered. The United Kingdom was the first world power to endorse the Establishment in Palestine a homeland for the Jews. In 1916 the Picot –Sykes agreement had given Great Britain the mandate over Palestine and the rest is history.
How come the people of Palestine were forgotten while the wandering Jew got his wish fulfilled? God, in whichever garb, does not play games we play.
Man makes problems and is for man to solve them. Jews were cast out by world empires of Assyria, Babylon and Rome. Law of Negation created the Jewish diaspora and law of Compensation made Palestine available to the Jews. It is purely man made problem and solution where the Moslems only need to kick themselves for the default. They had negated the spirit of enquiry and learning in the 13th century and their neglect had caught up with them to deprive them of their rights.
(The above mentioned ideas I had first formulated in Principles of History-for example laws of Compensation and Negation explain how history is made. In this book I have given many historical events where certain principles work beneath the surface and go unnoticed. For any serious student it will be a valuable guide.)


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