Posts Tagged ‘Max Ophuls’

Among the works of Max Ophuls, this film based upon a short story by Arthur Schnitzler stands out as a mature work where his grasp of the story telling and a particular style that we associate with him converge. This is his first milestone and fifth feature film.
Ophuls treats love straightforward and in Liebelei where adultery is not taken casually but with gravity such liaisons that entail between parties of unequal standing. Yet the pull of love the baroness and a junior lieutenant cannot dismiss for the thrill of it. Their expectations from it also seem unequal. As often the case is the woman in such exigencies can demand and get what she desires. The lieutenant thus gives in to a fatal error of giving the key to his lodging house that he shares with his buddy who is oberlieutenant (one rank above). Love and friendship are not stretched to test the credulity of the viewer in order to keep the story move headlong. While the buddies pursue their love, life seems to move away from their social milieu. It is romantic love that people lonely streets, empty cafes, dreamed landscapes where love must grow as naturally as intended. But the past makes its thrust like an assassins stiletto when least expected and it makes this film a poignant essay on love.
The film begins with staging of Mozart’s The Abduction from the Seraglio where the heroine is restrained by the Pasha Selim’s harem. The story that unfolds before our eyes is the young lieutenant who is abducted by fate for his past indiscretion. We cannot but feel the malignant gaze of Baron von Eggersdorff from the upper stall fixed on Lieutenant Fritz Lobheimer who is seated below. Even as the young man leaves for his assignment before the third act commences we know he is not far from the thoughts of the suspicious husband. The baron wants to surprise his wife and when he arrives we know it is a matter of time their stolen kisses would leave its shadow on the lovers.
Contrasting the gloom of the baronial mansion that envelops the lover making a getaway we see him with Christine, the daughter of a musician, his new found love and they ride through a romantic landscape. The lieutenant means when he pledges eternal love against the backdrop of fresh snow glittering in the light. He promises to meet her every day except Saturdays where he is obliged to meet Baron and his wife. He is related to the baron and hence the liaison is much more damning for the class that stood for honor and good manners.
The duel between the baron and the lieutenant is crucial to the resolution of the story. A similar duel is treated in Ophul’s later film The earrings of Madame de… which is his crowning achievement as a film maker.
François Truffaut on Ophuls: in a moving obituary for Ophuls, wrote: “He was not the virtuoso or the aesthete or the decorative filmmaker he has been called. He didn’t make ten or eleven shots with a single sweep of the camera merely to ‘look good’ . . . Like his friend Jean Renoir, Ophuls always sacrificed technique to the actor. Ophuls thought actors were at their best and least theatrical when forced to some physical effort—climbing stairs, running through the countryside, or dancing throughout a long single take.”

* Magda Schneider as Christine Weyring
* Wolfgang Liebeneiner as Lieutenant Fritz Lobheimer
* Luise Ulrich as Mitzi Schlager
* Carl Esmond as Lieutenant Theo Kaiser
* Olga Tschechowa as Baronin von Eggersdorff
* Gustaf Gründgens as Baron von Eggersdorff
* Paul Hörbiger as Old Weyring, Christine’s father
Ophüls later remade the film in France as Une histoire d’amour, using most of the original cast.
Magda Schneider’s daughter, Romy Schneider, played the same role in the 1958 film Christine.


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(This is a reprint of a film appreciation posted in cinebuff.wordpress.com.b)

In one of the three Guy de Maupassant–derived stories of Ophuls’s Le plaisir (1952), the rejected model jumps out of a window and winds up in a wheelchair. The artist, now forcibly married to her, and with plenty of time to work, voices the bitter aphorism, “There’s no joy in happiness.” In the present film Danielle Darrieux invites unhappiness since it is the only way she can feel the pulse of her innermost universe where the heart rules. In Ophulsian universe, men and women occupy separate but equal spheres, and if the men have more power and agency in the world, the women are the conquistadors in the more important realm of the heart. They are the ‘militarists of love’ as Stendhal would call them. For the general’s wife in the Earrings of Madame de… a piece of jewelry serves as nicely as one marries above one’s rank to be reckoned as a woman of importance.  Louise is married and she has a lover. ‘Loss’ of  her earrings presented to her by her husband  could set in motion, events of such import as a kingdom lost at the throw of a dice. Such a personal article ( a trifle in itself) could as the kerchief of Desdemona lead to death in some cases or social disgrace.  Louisa belongs to the rank and file of the militarists of love who gamble with trouble, knowing tragedy is around the corner. Why do they still do it? I recall a passage where Stendhal (Red and the Black) quotes  the case of Margaret du Valois, the wife of Henri IV. She needed such dangers in order to feel her existence. Not having anxiety was as being in a limbo, out of the pale of social respectability her station and rank commanded.

The Earrings of Madame de . . . is based on a 1951 novel by Louise de Vilmorin simply called Madame de, who, in pawning the earrings given her by her husband, sets off a chain of circumstances that, when she falls desperately in love, tightens around her and destroys her. It’s like a brooch, small in scope but filigreed and chiseled masterly as the works of Ophuls often are. The film has a special sheen brought out by incisive wit, irony and understanding. His films are all a treat to watch. It is all on the surface like light caught and the many facets of the stone keep you attentive to what goes on beneath. ”Madame de…” is one and  his  ”La Ronde” (1950) and ”Lola Montes” (1955) are similarly masterly. Take for instance the scene where he makes Baron Fabrizio Donati  writing his lover  day after day, with no letter back. Of course Louise frail in health and unable to stay in Paris tears up his letters and throw them out of her train carriage all the more despondent. She must play her part as demanded of her. In her thoughts,-her  tears and unhappiness on reading them were as good as replies to them. ‘ I’ve answered all your letters my love,”says she. She lacked the courage to reply in any other manner. Louise is married to a general. Their marriage has style but no substance. In fact as the general observes it is superficially superficial. In the same context he sententiously adds, – it is his way of serious conversation, ‘our conjugal bliss is a reflection of ourselves’.

The way she views her earrings is a clear indication of her feelings with regards to marriage. The diamonds, a gift of her husband she doesn’t mind selling since her debts that necessited it, are part of household expenses. She has run up debts in keeping her station in the society while the gift coming from Baron Donati is  from desire. She makes it clear in her tryst in his carriage that she will always keeps them by her bedside. That is what love means to her. In the end when she presents the gift to the Church its significance cannot be lost on the viewer.

The diamond earrings like RL Stevenson’s Bottle Imp turns up often to expose their shallowness as a couple and it echoes Renoir’s La Regle du Jeu: marriage as an institution in the pre WWI France meant for the privileged precious little no more than parading their good breeding and privileges. In this film also disaster follows the woman who makes a false step. Louise will lie to cover the absence of her earrings that makes her lover take offense first and then lead to a duel between two persons who mean most to her. All this will make the viewer agree with the general who quotes Napoleon,”The only victory in love is to flee”.

‘The Earrings of Madame de…,’ directed in 1953 by Max Ophuls, is one of the most mannered and contrived love movies ever filmed. It glitters and dazzles, and beneath the artifice it creates a heart, and breaks it. The film is famous for its elaborate camera movements, its graceful style, its sets, its costumes and of course its jewelry. It stars Danielle Darrieux, Charles Boyer and Vittorio De Sica, who effortlessly embody elegance. It could have been a mannered trifle. We sit in admiration of Ophuls’ visual display, so fluid and intricate. Then to our surprise we find ourselves caring’.( Roger Ebert-2001)
ack: Press Notes: Ophuls, A Pleasure Indeed, Criterion-Sep. 19, 2008

Comtesse Louise de    Danielle Darrieux
Générale André de    Charles Boyer
Baron Fabrizio Donati    Vittorio De Sica
Monsieur Rémy    Jean Debucourt
Monsieur de Bernac    Jean Galland
Lola    Lia Di Leo

Director    Max Ophuls
Based on the novel by    Louise de Vilmorin
Adaptation by    Marcel Achard, Max Ophuls and Annette Wademant
Cinematography:    Christian Matras
Music    : Oscar Straus and Georges van Parys
Costumes:    Georges Annenkov and Rosine Delamare
Sound    : Antoine Petitjean

Editing:    Borys Lewin
* Run Time: 105 minutes
* Filmed In: B&W

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