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WEIZMANN, DR. CHAIM, (1874-1952) Israel

 

Statesman

 

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Without Dr. Weizmann it is inconceivable that a homeland for the Jews could be founded at a crucial period in the modern history. The 20 th century had begun with so many crises one after the other,- and Great Powers harried by the ethnic problems in their own backyard looked to convulse entire Europe into some great catastrophe.
Theodore Herzl’s Zion Movement* was already in the air which was coalesced when Dr. Weizmann came into contact with Arthur J. Balfour,Lloyd George and Churchill among other influential politicians of the day.

In 1917 Weizmann became president of the British Zionist Federation and worked with Arthur Balfour to obtain the milestone Balfour Declaration.

In 1904, Weizmann became a chemistry lecturer at the University of Manchester and became involved with the Movement. With the help of people like CP Scott, Harry Sacher he made Manchester the fulcrum of practical Zionism.At that time in Manchester, Balfour was a Conservative MP representing the district, as well as Prime Minister, and the two met during one of Balfour’s electoral campaigns. Balfour supported the concept of a Jewish homeland, but felt that there would be more support among politicians for the then-current offer in Uganda. Following mainstream Zionist rejection of that proposal, Weizmann was credited later with persuading Balfour, then the Foreign Minister, for British support to establish a Jewish homeland in Palestine, the original Zionist demand.

 

The statesman in him saw the land as a national home, the growth of many generations living in peace and amity with the Arabs. The scientist,-he was a chemist who developed the ABE process, in him saw the barren land transformed by the Jews into a fertile and humane country. In the subsequent events like the rise of Nazism, Zion militancy and Arab intransigence and the holocaust destroyed his optimism for an evolutionary state. He was the first President of the state of Israel after its birth.

Note:

Theodore Herzl after the Dreyfus Affair realized Jews will not get an equal standing because of the deep seated prejudice against them. He published a book Der Judenstaat –1896 placing all their unfulfilled hopes into print and it was the writing of the wall on the European consciousness. How sincere was the idea of European Enlightenment would be judged in the way it was answered. The United Kingdom was the first world power to endorse the Establishment in Palestine a homeland for the Jews. In 1916 the Picot –Sykes agreement had given Great Britain the mandate over Palestine and the rest is history.

 benny

 

 

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ALEXANDER GRAHAM BELL (American, Scottish born)
(1847  –  1922)
Inventor.

It is fitting that this expert on speech should discover the principle of telephone and make the instrument by which “nation may speak into nation”.
The revolution which the telephone has made in the life of the whole civilized world is the measure of the gratitude we owe to Bell.
Scottish by birth Bell came to Boston from Canada in 1870. His father was a famous teacher of elocution, an expert on phonetic and author of a system of ‘Visible speech’, symbols representing the position of vocal organs in speaking. He followed his father’s footsteps when he was made professor of vocal physiology in the University of Boston. It was Bell’s interest in teaching speech to the deaf and his inspiring work for deaf mutes that led him to his famous invention; also he found a wife in one of his pupils.
The working of the ear where eardrum the thin membrance can move the comparatively heavy chain of bones in the ear, gave him an idea that a larger membrane could be induced to move an iron armature. If the armature could be moved as the air is moved, speech could be transmitted. Soon he was at work and on February 15, 1876 Bell filed an application for a patent for his ‘improvement in telegraphy’: Only two hours later Elisha Gray of Chicago filed a caveat at the Patent-office for almost the same invention. Edison was also engaged in the same work. All claimed the invention or part of the invention of the telephone. The great telephone war was on. In all these were some sixhundred lawsuits, all of which he won. It was finally established that Bell was the inventor of the telephone.
His invention had made him a rich man and retired to Baddeck, Nova Scotia to a life of invention. Many of his later inventions were, however, useless or unsuccessful. His photophone is an apparatus for transmitting articulate speech, along a beam of light. Another invention of his was graphophone which he produced in 1887 more or less in the same principle as Edison’s phonograph.
He was a man of many parts. He was physiologist, anatomist, inventor and magazine publisher. (He was the president of the National Geographic Magazine).
But it is in his invention of telephone and works on speech that his fame solidly rests.
compiler: benny

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Just after his election as U.S President in 1912,he visited an aunt who was almost deaf. She asked how he was employed now and he bellowed into her ear trumpet that he was now the President of the USA.
“Of what?”
“Of the USA,” Wilson shouted back.
The old lady snorted, ”Don’t be silly.”
2.
While governor of New Jersey, he was informed that one of the senators from that state had died. Shortly thereafter he received a call from a New Jersey politician who said,” Governor, I’d like to take the senator’s place.”
“That is perfectly agreeable to me,” said Wilson, ”if it’s agreeable to the undertaker.”
compiler:benny

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I just read the news that Robert Solway, a top spammer was sentenced to nearly four years. In a land where patriotism is measured according to how many dollars you can make, spamming may be considered one helluva way of making a fast buck. But then we see in the present days the conventional wisdom of so many institutions, has completely lost its sense and meaning. Business of course isn’t as it was before.
Take the institution of war. In the time of Alexander of Macedonia a soldier wouldn’t think twice from hurling himself into the thick of battle. He put his life on the line just as Alexander. From the greatest to the lowly foot soldier the war was something that you entered into for the country and for personal reasons. His thereby held up the honor of his country and he, in a personal sense, also purged his own goblins of fear. Now we see the war is outsourced, and technology for all its high-tech arsenal does not sanctify patriotism of a nation. It merely creates a smokescreen, for cowardice and the real motive for which nations go to war.
What is the motive? War profits of course. It is the real business these days and it has become anonymous.
If you look closely into the reason of economic crunch we can see this anonymity at work as we see in the sub-prime mortgage crisis of today. In that murky world of the sub-prime mortgage, interest rates were kept low at first and then rose to compensate lenders for the low credit ratings of the borrowers. Why did the Banks outsource their responsibilities to institutions that were questionable to say the least? All for a quick buck, mind you.
We have online criminals for the same reason a nation outsources its  vitality, pride and honor to others: it is safer and anonymous. These are no more monsters than those who squander all that a nation holds dear for some quick profits for a few. The spammers are bred from the same cesspool as others.

(ack: Nancy Gohring, IDG News Service Tue Jul 22, yahoo news)
benny

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