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Who is in Control?
History is made by the trade off between material nature of men and events on one part and abstract nature of Cosmos on the other. As such history may be understood as easily as we explain the physical nature of universe by various laws of Nature.
There is an inherent order existing that underpins law of entropy to cite an example. In our Milky Way we see nebulous gaseous clouds tending to form a spiral shape with arms. When cream is poured into a stirred cup of coffee shows up a striking resemblance to galaxies with outer parts of arms trailing around its center. Does it not speak of an order?
This order runs throughout the Cosmos so material behaves in a certain predictable manner under the same conditions. A phenomenon like Aurora Borealis or Aurora Australis is due to the electrically charged particles traveling along the planet’s magnetic lines strike hydrogen molecules. As a result the molecules glow in the upper atmosphere. If similar conditions exist whether in Jupiter or anywhere in Cosmos the same phenomenon should manifest.
How history is made and impacted into collective consciousness of mankind follows certain principles. Because we are given to abstract thinking we interpret the lessons in terms of ideas.
A Principle is defined as he ultimate basis for action and as such the trade off between material and abstract nature is moderated by an agency somewhat like the SEC.

Conjugation Principle:
Consider the optical illusion where we can spot mirror image of a face in profile or a vase in the middle depending on what we are looking at. In other words we choose to see what we want to see.
Applying this to history the case of Cyprus amply illustrates the above. Cyprus was seized by the son of Suleiman the Magnificent in 1570 and the island was in the control of Venice and Greece earlier. The Ottoman Empire is a thing of the past as the grandeur of Greece. Turkey claim it as theirs while the Islanders mostly belonging to the Greek Orthodox Church stake their own claims. So who is right? Kashmir is another case in point.

Inversion principle:
A fast moving hurricane will have scant rainfall but its speed would be very high. A slow moving hurricane will have less wind speed but a heavy rainfall.
Man however clever or strong he may be, his cleverness and power can only be licked into shape in context of others. His strength is in numbers that in turn has its downside. Thus we identify with a nation and what does it do? It takes away some of our freedoms. ‘In the national interests’ our phones are tapped and emails are screened or some other.
There was a time when the British Empire was stretched all across the globe; an Englishman could take pride the sun never set on his Empire. But didn’t this vastness contribute partly to her break up as the Roman Empire earlier?

Uncertainty Principle :
Who wrecked the U.S. economy? The idea of bold initiative, as many love to believe as an essential American virtue, saw freeing the marketplace’s animal spirits from the cold hand of government regulation. Uncertainty principle explains the no man’s land where this virtue is a cover up for greed. The whole system along the line caved in as the regulations set in place to avoid an economic meltdown were vitiated by those who were to safeguard the nation’s financial health. Greed is after all a potent force that man rationalizes away. What of fear or envy? Such ‘Trojan horse’ appears time and time again through history. Under Stalinist repressive regime those who huddled around the dictator like a shadow unearthed ‘names’ indefatigably in order to deflect him from looking closely at them. Greed, Envy, and Prejudice- well you name it, often come into play and work at cross purposes to undo the nations. The exact point where this flaw takes over is uncertain.
At crucial moments an Army or the commander loses the nerve and it has a ripple effect affecting the outcome. Did not an unseasonal rain the night before delay Napoleon from throwing his army to battle at Waterloo on the fateful day, June 16,1815? This delay gave the Prussian army under Blücher enough time to join up with the British. Of course there are many other reasons like Marshal Ney ignoring the commands of the emperor because of his illegible scrawl, and the absence of Berthier for instance. It is uncertain what precisely tipped the scales in favor of the Allied army. One point is certain. The battle hardened Imperial Guards lost nerve as they saw the Prussian army and the army simply melted away. Uncertainty principle as we can see in the above examples is a great leveler. American dream built on free enterprise is brought down by greed as Napoleonic ambition by a drizzle!

Integration Principle:
The French army had first thought of tanks as an effective war machine but the High Command did not think of it so much. They dismissed Col. de Gaulle’s ideas of using it in the modern warfare. Of the last 500 model R-35 tanks produced up to May 1940 nearly one half were dispatched abroad. ( The Collapse of the Third Republic-William L.Shirer) Whereas Gen. Heinz Guderian as a major transferred to Berlin, was put in charge of motorized tactics. This put him at the center of German development of armored forces. He studied the work of the then-obscure Charles de Gaulle. He translated the book into German. His fame using Tanks as an effective weapon in the WWII shows how a breakthrough in one part of the globe can be used effectively elsewhere. For both destructive and useful purposes.

Cluster Principle:
War brings in its wake plague, famine and not to mention great many socio-economic changes the warring parties could not have imagined. The WWI began with rivalry between Britain and Germany left long on the boil. Personal animosities between Kaiser Wilhem II against his cousin the King of England in a manner of speaking flared up over a small incident in the Balkans.
An assassination by the Black Hand triggered the age-old alliance system, dragging countries unwillingly to war. The economic and political effects were so great that World War One marks the start of the modern era. The European economies wrecked each other while passing their capital to an emerging America, a process continued during the World War Two. The centuries old Russian Empire was torn down and replaced with a socialist, then Stalinist, system which led to the death of millions. The Austro-Hungarian Empire, the surviving relic of the millennia old Holy Roman Empire, ceased to exist, as did the relatively new German Empire and the maps of Eastern Europe and the Middle East were redrawn in a manner which still causes conflict.(Gerard J. de Groot,Robert Wilde/about.com-European History)
While we see the same principle working with a variant in this century. Internet and twitter has become a powerful tool to change public opinion. Technology is too unwieldy for any single nation to handle. As a result the age-old concept of nations based on their ethnicity, religion will come to be rewritten slowly but surely. Who shall we blame for global warming? North, South or ‘emerging’ Third world? What happens in Iceland has repercussions throughout the globe. No single nation can handle the problems affecting the modern world. It makes sense then for China and America to sit across the table as partners on a global platform seeking ways and means to accommodate each other while pushing their own agendas to fulfill the national aspirations. History shall be still be made though whatever manner the perception of people may change.
(To be concluded)
benny

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Capsule History ©

History of our universe falls into two periods. Unwritten Period is that period leading to the Big Bang and second is the recorded history of what follows it.

Origin of history: Whatever made History (and left it unrecorded) before the Big Bang must have known history will be repeated and understood in same manner as history has always been treated. Skepticism in history is a blind spot in man just as there is a prejudice to see what one wants to see as a predetermined Cause.

History is a chronicle of violence: This owes to the violence associated with the birth of universe. Man’s progress leaves a trail of violence from the time he separated from his arboreal existence. History is littered with such separations and man as part of his tribe or nation showed a propensity for violence. Great civilizations bear both excellence and crass materialism notwithstanding violence implied in their consolidation. Even so these are temporary in duration.
The secret of universe is that energy released by the Big Bang is ever seeking a way outward. This background radiation is a lesson for history that change is at its heart. Is there any civilization, which has remained unchanged? No. The debris from each are thrown pell-mell and the takers refashion lessons of history of Rome or Greece after their fashion and time.
The petty kingdoms and hordes of tribes expanding as Mongols going West or Hitler to the East are as sure as the Cosmic Background Radiation. These invasions create stresses. The stresses exerted from outside and impulses combined with stresses developing as a result cannot be escaped. Matter at the point of singularity didn’t. So will not an Imperial Power as formidable as Rome. Where Rome fell and in the void came in Moslems. But they were surpassed by other powers.
History is play off between want and luxury. It is made by man singly and as a whole. Every achievement is a deficiency felt and corrected. Progress of man brings with each advance a shortfall or want. How can one identify a want unless it is broken up into a series of ideas? Ideas are like flashes of light lighting up the state of being. It is a march of angels against their cloven feet. The solidity of concrete matter struggling against its abstract nature: if such inner conflict should lead to the Big Bang every progress in conquering inherent flaw will also draw an ideological struggle in its wake. Capitalism and socialism are manifestations of such conflict as iron age was with bronze age. American capitalism shall prove as Soviet empire a flash in the pan of time. China or India cannot escape the similar fate.

Lessons in history will be learned, but not prevent history from being made. But causes that make it change their appearance a little here and there. It shall never be the same. Like lightening will never strike twice on the same spot. What exactly led to WWI is not what caused WWII. There have been many causes, which were long on the boil and in the pan all these had to work with several others till a point of collapse reached. Thus learning history and avoiding the wrong lessons is as much crucial in creating new methods by when a collapse is inevitable those who are in positions to make history survive it with more vigor and knowledge. The lives they save will be those who have placed their trust in them.

benny

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